• Corpus ID: 35904290

Antibodies against some viruses of domestic animals in southern African wild animals.

@article{Barnard1997AntibodiesAS,
  title={Antibodies against some viruses of domestic animals in southern African wild animals.},
  author={B. J. H. Barnard},
  journal={The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research},
  year={1997},
  volume={64 2},
  pages={
          95-110
        }
}
  • B. Barnard
  • Published 22 April 1997
  • Medicine, Biology
  • The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
Twenty-four species of South African wild animals were tested for the presence of antibodies against the viruses of 16 common diseases of domestic animals. Positive results were obtained for African horsesickness, equine encephalosis, equid herpes virus-1, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Allerton disease (Herpes mammillitis), lumpy skin disease, parainfluenza, encephalomyocarditis, bluetongue, Wesselsbron disease, bovine ephemeral fever, and Akabane disease complex. No antibodies could be… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

African horse sickness.
TLDR
Key elements of AHS epidemiology, surveillance and prophylaxis are reviewed, especially since two AHSV serotypes have recently spread northwards to western Africa and eastern Africa, where historically only serotype 9 had been isolated.
Re-emergence of bluetongue, African horse sickness, and other Orbivirus diseases
TLDR
Although climate change has been incriminated in the emergence of BTV infection of ungulates, the precise role of anthropogenic factors and the like is less certain and it is not yet clear what the future holds in terms of these diseases, nor of other potentially important but poorly characterized Orbiviruses.
African Horse Sickness Virus: History, Transmission, and Current Status.
TLDR
By discussing AHSV transmission in the African republics of South Africa and Senegal, this review provides a more balanced view of the virus as a threat to equids in a diverse range of settings, thus leading to a discussion of key areas in which knowledge of transmission could be improved.
Murine Typhus , Algeria
and 9 strains of African horse sickness virus) (5). The RT-qPCR tests confi rmed BTV viremia. The yak species in its natural biotope is usually rarely exposed to competent Culicoides vectors.
SEROSURVEY FOR SELECTED INFECTIOUS DISEASE AGENTS IN FREE-RANGING BLACK AND WHITE RHINOCEROS IN AFRICA
TLDR
There appeared to be some geographic variation in the prevalence of antibody for African horse sickness, bluetongue, epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer, parainfluenza type 3, equine herpes virus 1 and Leptospira interrogans serovar bratislava.
Bluetongue: a historical and epidemiological perspective with the emphasis on South Africa
TLDR
The immunization of susceptible sheep remains the most effective and practical control measure against BT, and three pentavalent attenuated vaccines have been developed in order to protect sheep against multiple circulating serotypes.
The classification of seven serotypes of equine encephalosis virus and the prevalence of homologous antibody in horses in South Africa.
TLDR
The identification of donors with antibody resulting from infection with multiple serotypes indicated a low level of cross-protection in horses to natural reinfection, confirming the independent persistence of the viruses in a maintenance cycle.
Detection of novel gammaherpesviruses in wild animals of South Africa.
TLDR
The putative novel herpesviruses were tentatively designated as Aepyceros melampus (impala) herpesvirus 1 (ImHV-1), Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok) herpesvirus 1 (SpHV) and 2 (Sp HV-2) and seems to be a relatively independent virus.
Seroprevalence of bovine ephemeral fever virus in domesticated and wildlife species during epidemic and inter-epidemic periods (2000-2009) in Israel.
TLDR
The low prevalence of positive animals and the solid correlation with prior outbreaks indicate that the tested species probably do not serve as virus reservoirs and may play only a minor role in the maintenance of BEFV in the Middle East.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
Investigations of Allerton-type herpes virus infection in East African game animals and cattle
TLDR
It was shown that a wave of infection was probably spreading through cattle in N. Tanzania at about the same time as an outbreak of disease occurred in buffaloes and it is suggested that virus transmission may have been by biting flies.
Transmission of the South African asinine strain of equine arteritis virus (EAV) among horses and between donkeys and horses.
TLDR
The South African strain of EAV appears to be poorly transmissible to horses, supporting the findings of other field studies which indicate a widespread distribution and long-standing presence of the virus among South African donkeys, but a very restricted prevalence of seropositive horses.
Epidemiology of African horsesickness: antibodies in free-living elephants (Loxodonta africans) and their response to experimental infection.
TLDR
Elephants should be regarded as poorly susceptible and unlikely to be a source of African horsesickness virus, due to frequent exposure to infected biting insects.
The distribution in Kenya of bluetongue virus and antibody, and the Culicoides vector
TLDR
Both the distribution of antibody and Culicoides have been tabulated by ecological zones to demonstrate that bluetongue virus in its natural state in cattle and wild bovids is far more widespread than clinical bluetongsue disease seen in exotic sheep of restricted distribution; and that C. pallidipennis has great ecological range.
Diseases of wild animals transmissible to domestic animals.
TLDR
It is necessary to reshape thinking in veterinary circles concerning the approach to disease problems created by wildlife, and specific research programmes must be initiated to develop more suitable diagnostic, epidemiological and conceptual tools.
Observations on the epidemiology of lumpy skin disease in Kenya
  • F. Davies
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of Hygiene
  • 1982
TLDR
Evidence of antibody to LSD in the African buffalo in those areas where LSD is considered to be enzootic in Kenya, and also in small numbers of domestic cattle, is suggested that the maintenance cycle involves the buffalo.
NEUTRALISING ANTIBODIES TO PARAINFLUENZA 3 VIRUS IN AFRICAN WILDLIFE, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE CAPE BUFFALO (Syncerus caffer)
TLDR
The high prevalence of antibody, and the range of titres, to PI3 virus found in free-living populations of buffalo suggest that this species is particularly important as a reservoir of infection in the wild.
Rift Valley fever; isolation of the virus from wild mosquitoes.
TLDR
During the course of this study Rift Valley fever virus was isolated 6 times from mosquitoes included in forest catches, one aspect of which was an attempt to identify the vector of that disease in primeval forest uninhabited by humans.
...
...