Antibiotic uptake by plants from soil fertilized with animal manure.

@article{Kumar2005AntibioticUB,
  title={Antibiotic uptake by plants from soil fertilized with animal manure.},
  author={K. Vijay Krishna Kumar and S. C. Gupta and Samuel Kofi Baidoo and Yogesh Chander and Carl J. Rosen},
  journal={Journal of environmental quality},
  year={2005},
  volume={34 6},
  pages={
          2082-5
        }
}
Antibiotics are commonly added to animal feed as supplements to promote growth of food animals. However, absorption of antibiotics in the animal gut is not complete and as a result substantial amounts of antibiotics are excreted in urine and feces that end up in manure. Manure is used worldwide not only as a source of plant nutrients but also as a source of organic matter to improve soil quality especially in organic and sustainable agriculture. Greenhouse studies were conducted to determine… 

Sulfamethazine uptake by plants from manure-amended soil.

The results of this study raise potential human health concerns of consuming low levels of antibiotics from produce grown on manure-amended soils.

Antibiotic uptake by plants from manure-amended soils

Generally the levels of antibiotics in plant tissue increased with increasing the antibiotic concentration in the manure, and the three crops absorbed relatively higher amounts of gentamicin (small molecule) than streptomycin (large molecule).

Antibiotic Uptake by Plants from Soil Applied with Antibiotic-Treated Animal Manure

Antibiotic uptake by plants was tested with three veterinary antibiotics such as chlortetracycline, tylosin, and sulfamethazine and three plants such as lettuce, tomato, and hairy vetch and the results imply that antibiotic uptake may be dependent on antibiotic type and plant type.

Uptake of Antibiotics by Plants

There is a growing concern over the presence, toxicity, and fate of antibiotics in soil which may pose adverse effects on soil biology, crop yield, and quality of production.

Antibiotic uptake by vegetable crops from manure-applied soils.

This study quantified the uptake of five antibiotics (chlortetracycline, monensin, sulfamethazine, tylosin, and virginiamycin) by 11 vegetable crops in two different soils that were fertilized with

Changes in Soil and Plant Microbial Community Populations Following Administration of Manure Containing Oxytetracycline or Monensin

Many veterinary antibiotic classes are shared by agriculture and human medicine. When manure from treated animals is land applied, antibiotics can accumulate in soils, as well as livestock forage and

Incorporation of veterinary antibiotics into crops from manured soil

Abstract Under farming conditions, winter wheat was cultivated on manure-fertilised soil. The liquid manure originated from pigs medicated under control with chlortetracycline (CTC), sulfadiazine

Fate of Antibiotics in Soil

An extensive amount of antibiotics is being used worldwide to enhance the health status, growth rate, milk, and meat production in dairy farms. In many aspects, the use of these veterinary
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES

Antibiotic resistance in gut bacteria from dairy calves: a dose response to the level of antibiotics fed in milk.

Resistance of gut bacteria to antibiotics increases with increasing concentrations of penicillin in the milk fed to dairy calves, and the zone of inhibition in bacterial growth around a disk impregnated with the antibiotic.

Agricultural use of antibiotics and the evolution and transfer of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

  • G. Khachatourians
  • Biology
    CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
  • 1998
The author reviews trends in antibiotic use in animal husbandry and agriculture in general and particular aspects of resistance in bacterial species common to both the human population and the agrifood industry are emphasized.

Does the use of antibiotics in food animals pose a risk to human health? A critical review of published data.

The application of the 'precautionary principle' is a non-scientific approach that assumes that risk assessments will be carried out, and anti-Gram-positive growth promoters would be expected to have little effect on most Gram-negative organisms.

Sorption of veterinary pharmaceuticals in soils: a review.

  • J. Tolls
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Environmental science & technology
  • 2001
The compilation of sorption coefficients to soil solids (Kd,solid) demonstrates that these chemicals display a wide range of mobility, and suggests that mechanisms other than hydrophobic partitioning play a significant role in sorption of VPs.

Occurrence of antibiotics in the aquatic environment.

Antimicrobial use and resistance in animals.

  • S. McEwenP. Fedorka-Cray
  • Biology, Medicine
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2002
Alternatives to growth-promoting and prophylactic uses of antimicrobials in agriculture include improved management practices, wider use of vaccines, and introduction of probiotics to minimize the further development of antimicrobial resistance.

Number of viable bacteria and presumptive antibiotic residues in milk fed to calves on commercial dairies.

  • S. SelimJ. Cullor
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • 1997
Waste milk that has not been effectively treated to reduce microbial load prior to use as calf feed should be used with caution, because it may contain a high number of bacteria that may be pathogenic to cattle and human beings.