• Corpus ID: 103558514

Antibacterial properties of crude aqueous Hylocereus polyrhizus peel extracts in lipstick formulation against gram-positive and negative bacteria

  title={Antibacterial properties of crude aqueous Hylocereus polyrhizus peel extracts in lipstick formulation against gram-positive and negative bacteria},
  author={Asrul Afandi and Mohamad Lazim and N. N. Azwanida and M. S. A. Bakar and Babul Airianah Othman and Mohd Shazrul Fazry Sa’ariwijaya},
  journal={Malaysian applied biology},
Development of natural formulated lipstick using natural bio resources namely plant pigments and essential oils was carried out as an alternative to chemical-based ingredients due to their side effects and damages to health. Hylocereus polyrhizus (Costa Rican Pitahaya, also more popularly known among Malaysian as “Dragon Fruit”) peels are normally treated as wastes and will be discarded during processing. In this study, the peel extracts were used in the lipstick formulation as a natural… 

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