The [Mo₆Cl14]2- Cluster is Biologically Secure and Has Anti-Rotavirus Activity In Vitro.
A series of six novel metallocenyl-7-ADCA (metallocenyl = ferrocenyl or ruthenocenyl; 7-ADCA = 7-aminodesacetoxycephalosporanic acid) conjugates were synthesized and their antibacterial properties evaluated by biochemical and microbiological assays. The ruthenocene derivatives showed a higher level of inhibition of DD-carboxypeptidase 64-575, a Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP), than the ferrocene derivatives and the reference compound penicillin G. Protein X-ray crystallographic analysis revealed a covalent acyl-enzyme complex of a ruthenocenyl compound with CTX-M β-lactamase E166A mutant, corresponding to a similar complex with PBPs responsible for the bactericidal activities of these compounds. Most interestingly, an intact compound was captured at the crystal-packing interface, elucidating for the first time the structure of a metallocenyl β-lactam compound that previously eluded small molecule crystallography. We propose that protein crystals, even from biologically unrelated molecules, can be utilized to determine structures of small molecules.