Anti-progestogenic effect of flutamide on uterine expression of calbindin-D9k mRNA and protein in immature mice.

Abstract

A calcium binding protein, calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k), is a cytosolic protein and regulated by steroid hormones in the reproductive tissues. Mouse CaBP-9k gene was predominantly regulated by progesterone (P4), whereas rat CaBP-9k was mainly regulated by 17beta-estradiol (E2) in the uterus. The induction of CaBP-9k can be employed as a biomarker for steroidal substrates as endocrine disruptors (EDs). Flutamide (FLU) is a non-steroidal anti-androgen or pro-drug that is rapidly metabolized to hydroxyflutamide, which may have both an anti-androgenic and anti-progestogenic activities. Thus, in the present study, we employed immature mice (14-day-old) subcutaneously injected with P4 (20 mg/kg/day) and/or FLU (5 mg/kg/day) for 3 consecutive days in the presence or absence of RU486, a pure PR antagonist (30 mg/kg/day), to analyze uterine CaBP-9k expression in this model. When immature mice were treated with P4, the expression levels of CaBP-9k mRNA and protein were significantly increased by P4. P4-induced expression levels of CaBP-9k mRNA and protein were abolished by FLU, in part, suggesting that FLU is a partial antagonist of P4 in the regulation of uterine CaBP-9k in immature mice. In addition, P4-induced CaBP-9k expression was completely reversed by RU486. Increased expression levels of CaBP-9k mRNA and protein were maintained for 24h after final injection with P4 in a time-dependent manner. However, CaBP-9k mRNA rapidly disappeared after 48 h and its protein level is similar with its mRNA. Treatment with FLU suppressed partially P4-induced CaBP-9k mRNA and protein until 24 h. Taken together, these results indicate that FLU has an anti-progestogenic activity and plays a role as a partial antagonist of P4 in the regulation of uterine CaBP-9k in immature mouse model.

Cite this paper

@article{Ji2006AntiprogestogenicEO, title={Anti-progestogenic effect of flutamide on uterine expression of calbindin-D9k mRNA and protein in immature mice.}, author={Youn-Kyu Ji and Geun-Shik Lee and Kyung-Chul Choi and Eui-Bae Jeung}, journal={Reproductive toxicology}, year={2006}, volume={22 4}, pages={694-701} }