Current therapies against malignant melanoma generally fail to increase survival in most patients, and immunotherapy is a promising approach as it could reduce the dosage of toxic therapeutic drugs. In the present study, we show that an immunotherapeutic approach based on the use of the Toll-like receptor (TLR)-5 ligand flagellin (Salmonella Typhimurium FliCi) combined with the major histocompatibility complex class II-restricted P10 peptide, derived from the Paracoccidioides brasiliensis gp43 major surface protein, reduced the number of lung metastasis in a murine melanoma model. Compounds were administered intranasally into C57Bl/6 mice intravenously challenged with syngeneic B16F10-Nex2 melanoma cells, aiming at the local (pulmonary) immune response modulation. Along with a marked reduction in the number of lung nodules, a significant increase in survival was observed. The immunization regimen induced both local and systemic proinflammatory responses. Lung macrophages were polarized towards a M1 phenotype, lymph node cells, and splenocytes secreted higher interleukin-12p40 and interferon (IFN)-γ levels when re-stimulated with tumor antigens. The protective effect of the FliCi+P10 formulation required TLR-5, myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 and IFN-γ expression, but caspase-1 knockout mice were only partially protected, suggesting that intracellular flagellin receptors are not involved with the anti-tumor effect. The immune therapy resulted in the activation of tumor-specific CD4(+) T lymphocytes, which conferred protection to metastatic melanoma growth after adoptive transfer. Taken together, our results report a new immunotherapeutic approach based on TLR-5 activation and IFN-γ production capable to control the metastatic growth of B16F10-Nex2 melanoma, being a promising alternative to be associated with chemotherapeutic drugs for an effective anti-tumor responses.