Anthropology: The earliest toothless hominin skull

  title={Anthropology: The earliest toothless hominin skull},
  author={David Lordkipanidze and Abesalom Vekua and Reid Ferring and G Philip Rightmire and Jordi Agust{\'i} and Gocha Kiladze and Alexander Mouskhelishvili and Medea Nioradze and Marcia Ponce de Le{\'o}n and Martha Tappen and Christoph P. E. Zollikofer},
The site of Dmanisi in the Eurasian republic of Georgia has yielded striking hominin, faunal and archaeological material as evidence for the presence of early Homo outside Africa 1.77 million years ago, documenting an important episode in human evolution. Here we describe a beautifully preserved skull and jawbone from a Dmanisi hominin of this period who had lost all but one tooth several years before death. This specimen not only represents the earliest case of severe masticatory impairment in… 
The present paper reviews one of the most interesting research issues of Paleoanthroplogy, the early human migration from their original homeland Africa to Eurasia. We discuss various evidences of
Comparative analysis of dentognathic pathologies in the Dmanisi mandibles.
Results indicate that dentognathic pathologies and disease trajectories are largely similar inEarly Homo and modern humans, but that the disease load was higher in early Homo, probably as an effect of higher overall stress on the dentognATHic system.
The Odyssey of Dental Anxiety: From Prehistory to the Present. A Narrative Review
Iatrosedation and hypnosis are no less relevant than drugs and should be considered as primary tools for the management of DA: they allow to help patients cope with the dental procedure and also overcome their anxiety: achieving the latter may enable them to face future dental care autonomously, whereas pharmacological sedation can only afford a transient respite.
Compassion between humans since when? What the fossils tell us
This paper explores the concept of compassion in an evolutionary framework, and presents pathological cases identified in fossil records. The paleopathological examples presented illustrate how the
Flavouring food: the contribution of chimpanzee behaviour to the understanding of Neanderthal calculus composition and plant use in Neanderthal diets
Observations of wild chimpanzees in Uganda, at Sonso in the Budongo Forest Reserve and at Kanyawara and Sebitoli in Kibale National Park, as well as ethnological and palaeontological evidence, lead us to propose three other explanations for the presence of compounds in yarrow and camomile.
Early–Middle Pleistocene transitions: Linking terrestrial and marine realms
Goodwill hunting? Debates over the ‘meaning’ of Lower Palaeolithic handaxe form revisited
Abstract There has been intense debate over the ‘meaning’ of Lower Palaeolithic handaxe form. Handaxes date from about 1.7 million years onwards, and many show attention to elements of form such as
Disability, Compensatory Behavior, and Innovation in Free‐Ranging Adult Female Japanese Macaques (Macaca Fuscata)
Disabled adult females were able to compensate behaviorally to perform social and life‐sustaining activities, modifying existing behaviors to suit their individual physical situations and, occasionally, inventing new ways of doing things.


Colyer's Variations and diseases of the teeth of animals
This chapter discusses variations in Number, Sixe and Shape, as well as other Disorders of Teeth and Jaws, and some of the causes of tooth destruction from causes other than caries.
Reduction of residual ridges: a major oral disease entity.
  • D. Atwood
  • Medicine
    The Journal of prosthetic dentistry
  • 1971
The dentition of the "old man" of La Chapelle-aux-Saints and inferences concerning Neandertal behavior.
  • N. Tappen
  • Medicine
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1985
Close examination of the recovered teeth and the condition of the alveoli indicates that the "old man" of La Chapelle-aux-Saints had upper and lower incisor, canine and premolar teeth on the left side intact and probably in occlusion, and that the same was true of these teeth in the right maxilla.
Earliest Pleistocene hominid cranial remains from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia: taxonomy, geological setting, and age.
Paleontological, archaeological, geochronological, and paleomagnetic data from Dmanisi all indicate an earliest Pleistocene age of about 1.7 million years ago, supporting correlation of the new specimens with the Koobi Fora fossils.
Comparative morphology and paleobiology of Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Bau de l'Aubesier, Vaucluse, France
The pathological loss of the mandibular dentition of Aubesier 11 indicates advanced antemortem masticatory impairment, at a level previously undocumented before the Late Pleistocene, which supports a view of later Middle Pleistsocene humans able to support debilitated individuals despite the considerable use of their bodies to accomplish routine activities.
A New Skull of Early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia
The Dmanisi specimens are the most primitive and small-brained fossils to be grouped with this species or any taxon linked unequivocally with genusHomo and also the ones most similar to the presumedhabilis-like stem.