Anthropogenic transformation of the terrestrial biosphere

@article{Ellis2011AnthropogenicTO,
  title={Anthropogenic transformation of the terrestrial biosphere},
  author={Erle C. Ellis},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
  year={2011},
  volume={369},
  pages={1010 - 1035}
}
  • Erle C. Ellis
  • Published 2011
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Human populations and their use of land have transformed most of the terrestrial biosphere into anthropogenic biomes (anthromes), causing a variety of novel ecological patterns and processes to emerge. To assess whether human populations and their use of land have directly altered the terrestrial biosphere sufficiently to indicate that the Earth system has entered a new geological epoch, spatially explicit global estimates of human populations and their use of land were analysed across the… Expand
Dating the Anthropocene: Towards an empirical global history of human transformation of the terrestrial biosphere
Human use of land is a major cause of the global environmental changes that define the Anthropocene. Archaeological and paleoecological evidence confirm that human populations and their use of landExpand
Used planet: A global history
TLDR
Recent scientific evidence and theory is synthesized to explain why relatively small human populations likely caused widespread and profound ecological changes more than 3,000 y ago, whereas the largest and wealthiest human populations in history are using less arable land per person every decade. Expand
Sustaining biodiversity and people in the world's anthropogenic biomes
Humans have reshaped more than three quarters of the terrestrial biosphere into anthropogenic biomes (anthromes), embedding substantial areas of remnant and recovering novel ecosystems within theExpand
Aspects of the ecology of Cape porcupines on farmlands, peri-urban and suburban areas in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
The unprecedented changes in the environmental and ecological processes of the biosphere have led some to believe that we have transitioned into a new geological era from the Holocene. This currentExpand
Biogeography of the Anthropocene
TLDR
A new biogeography of the Anthropocene could help to develop additional criteria to evaluate the degree and timing of human impacts, and innovative ways to proactively manage biological diversity. Expand
Ecology in an anthropogenic biosphere
TLDR
A general causal theory is presented to explain why human societies gained the capacity to globally alter the patterns, processes, and dynamics of ecology and how these anthropogenic alterations unfold over time and space as societies themselves change over human generational time. Expand
The Anthropocene fossil record of terrestrial mammals
Abstract This paper reviews how human impacts produced a marked shift from natural processes in the potential input of terrestrial mammals to the fossil record, both in composition of the mammal taxaExpand
Historic Changes in Terrestrial Carbon Storage
Human use of land has reduced the amount of carbon (C) in terrestrial ecosystems, probably since the first use of fire as a tool for clearing land thousands of years ago. Because variations inExpand
Anthropogenic Biomes: 10,000 BCE to 2015 CE
Human populations and their use of land have reshaped landscapes for thousands of years, creating the anthropogenic biomes (anthromes) that now cover most of the terrestrial biosphere. Here weExpand
Biology in the Anthropocene: Challenges and insights from young fossil records
  • S. Kidwell
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2015
TLDR
Young fossil records provide rigorous access to the baseline composition and dynamics of modern-day biota under pre-Industrial conditions, where insights include the millennial-scale persistence of community structures, the dominant role of physical environmental conditions rather than biotic interactions in determining community composition and disassembly, and the existence of naturally alternating states. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 160 REFERENCES
Anthropogenic transformation of the biomes, 1700 to 2000
Aim  To map and characterize anthropogenic transformation of the terrestrial biosphere before and during the Industrial Revolution, from 1700 to 2000. Location  Global. Methods  AnthropogenicExpand
Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world
Humans have fundamentally altered global patterns of biodiversity and ecosystem processes. Surprisingly, existing systems for representing these global patterns, including biome classifications,Expand
Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change
Humans have altered the Earth’s land surface since the Paleolithic mainly by clearing woody vegetation first to improve hunting and gathering opportunities, and later to provide agriculturalExpand
Quantifying and mapping the human appropriation of net primary production in earth's terrestrial ecosystems
TLDR
A comprehensive assessment of global HANPP based on vegetation modeling, agricultural and forestry statistics, and geographical information systems data on land use, land cover, and soil degradation that localizes human impact on ecosystems suggests large-scale schemes to substitute biomass for fossil fuels should be viewed cautiously. Expand
ARCHAEOLOGY AND GLOBAL CHANGE: The Holocene Record
TLDR
This review concludes that in some areas and time periods, environmental change led to long-term negative consequences for regional human populations, whereas in otland, such changes have a much longer history. Expand
INTRODUCED SPECIES: A SIGNIFICANT COMPONENT OF HUMAN-CAUSED GLOBAL CHANGE
TLDR
It is suggested that biological invasions by notorious species like the zebra mussel, and its many less-famous counterparts, have become so widespread as to represent a significant component of global environmental change. Expand
The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe
Abstract Humans have transformed Europe's landscapes since the establishment of the first agricultural societies in the mid-Holocene. The most important anthropogenic alteration of the naturalExpand
The current biodiversity extinction event: Scenarios for mitigation and recovery
  • M. Novacek, E. Cleland
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
TLDR
Intervention by humans, the very agents of the current environmental crisis, is required for any possibility of short-term recovery or maintenance of the biota. Expand
Responses of plant populations and communities to environmental changes of the late Quaternary
The environmental and biotic history of the late Quaternary represents a critical junction between ecology, global change studies, and pre-Quaternary paleobiology. Late Quaternary records indicateExpand
Responses of plant populations and communities to environmental changes of the late Quaternary
Abstract The environmental and biotic history of the late Quaternary represents a critical junction between ecology, global change studies, and pre-Quaternary paleobiology. Late Quaternary recordsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...