Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms

@article{Orr2005AnthropogenicOA,
  title={Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms},
  author={J. Orr and V. Fabry and O. Aumont and L. Bopp and S. Doney and R. Feely and A. Gnanadesikan and N. Gruber and A. Ishida and F. Joos and R. Key and K. Lindsay and E. Maier-Reimer and R. Matear and P. Monfray and A. Mouchet and R. Najjar and G. Plattner and K. Rodgers and C. Sabine and J. Sarmiento and R. Schlitzer and R. Slater and I. Totterdell and Marie-France Weirig and Y. Yamanaka and A. Yool},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2005},
  volume={437},
  pages={681-686}
}
Today's surface ocean is saturated with respect to calcium carbonate, but increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are reducing ocean pH and carbonate ion concentrations, and thus the level of calcium carbonate saturation. Experimental evidence suggests that if these trends continue, key marine organisms—such as corals and some plankton—will have difficulty maintaining their external calcium carbonate skeletons. Here we use 13 models of the ocean–carbon cycle to assess calcium… Expand
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