Anthropogenic influences on major tropical cyclone events

  title={Anthropogenic influences on major tropical cyclone events},
  author={Christina M. Patricola and Michael F. Wehner},
There is no consensus on whether climate change has yet affected the statistics of tropical cyclones, owing to their large natural variability and the limited period of consistent observations. In addition, projections of future tropical cyclone activity are uncertain, because they often rely on coarse-resolution climate models that parameterize convection and hence have difficulty in directly representing tropical cyclones. Here we used convection-permitting regional climate model simulations… 
Tropical cyclones and climate change
Recent research has strengthened the understanding of the links between climate and tropical cyclones (TCs) on various timescales. Geological records of past climates have shown century‐long
Projected Characteristic Changes of a Typical Tropical Cyclone under Climate Change in the South West Indian Ocean
During 2 January 2014, Cyclone Bejisa passed near La Réunion in the southwestern Indian Ocean, bringing wind speeds of 41 m s−1, an ocean swell of 7 m, and rainfall accumulations of 1025 mm over 48
Tropical Oceanic Influences on Observed Global Tropical Cyclone Frequency
The global tropical cyclone (TC) number has historically been relatively constant from year‐to‐year, however, the reason remains unknown. Furthermore, climate projections are inconclusive regarding
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part II: Projected Response to Anthropogenic Warming
Model projections of tropical cyclone (TC) activity response to anthropogenic warming in climate models are assessed. Observations, theory, and models, with increasing robustness, indicate rising
Simulated Changes in Tropical Cyclone Size, Accumulated Cyclone Energy and Power Dissipation Index in a Warmer Climate
Detection, attribution and projection of changes in tropical cyclone intensity statistics are made difficult from the potentially decreasing overall storm frequency combined with increases in the
Changes in Precipitation From North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Under RCP Scenarios in the Variable‐Resolution Community Atmosphere Model
Decreasing climate models' grid spacing improves the representation of tropical cyclones at decadal time scales. In this study, a variable‐resolution (VR) version of the Community Atmosphere Model 5
Understanding of the Effect of Climate Change on Tropical Cyclone Intensity: A Review
The effect of climate change on tropical cyclone intensity has been an important scientific issue for a few decades. Although theory and modeling suggest the intensification of tropical cyclones in a
A globally consistent local-scale assessment of future tropical cyclone risk
There is considerable uncertainty surrounding future changes in tropical cyclone (TC) frequency and intensity, particularly at local scales. This uncertainty complicates risk assessments and
Tropical Cyclone Precipitation Response to Surface Warming in Aquaplanet Simulations With Uniform Thermal Forcing
While many modeling studies have attempted to estimate how tropical cyclone (TC) precipitation is impacted by climate change, the multitude of analysis techniques and methodologies have resulted in
Projecting the Impacts of a Changing Climate: Tropical Cyclones and Flooding.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW There is clear evidence that the earth's climate is changing, largely from anthropogenic causes. Flooding and tropical cyclones have clear impacts on human health in the United


Human influence on tropical cyclone intensity
In the absence of strong reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, future greenhouse gas forcing of potential intensity will increasingly dominate over aerosol forcing, leading to substantially larger increases in tropical cyclone intensities.
Tropical cyclones and climate change
Recent research has strengthened the understanding of the links between climate and tropical cyclones (TCs) on various timescales. Geological records of past climates have shown century‐long
Intense Precipitation Events Associated with Landfalling Tropical Cyclones in Response to a Warmer Climate and Increased CO2
AbstractIn this work the authors investigate possible changes in the intensity of rainfall events associated with tropical cyclones (TCs) under idealized forcing scenarios, including a uniformly
Hurricanes and Climate Change
1. The tropical cyclone climate model intercomparison project 2. Change of tropical cyclone and seasonal climate state in a global warming experiment with a global cloud-system-resolving model 3.
Sensitivity of tropical cyclone rainfall to idealized global-scale forcings
AbstractHeavy rainfall and flooding associated with tropical cyclones (TCs) are responsible for a large number of fatalities and economic damage worldwide. Despite their large socioeconomic impacts,
Regional climate model projections of rainfall from U.S. landfalling tropical cyclones
The eastern United States is vulnerable to flooding from tropical cyclone rainfall. Understanding how both the frequency and intensity of this rainfall will change in the future climate is a major
Downscaling CMIP5 climate models shows increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century
  • K. Emanuel
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2013
Increases in tropical cyclone activity are most prominent in the western North Pacific, but are evident in other regions except for the southwestern Pacific, consistent with increases in a genesis potential index based on monthly mean global model output.
Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes
AbstractWhile a quantitative climate theory of tropical cyclone formation remains elusive, considerable progress has been made recently in our ability to simulate tropical cyclone climatologies and
Increased tropical Atlantic wind shear in model projections of global warming
To help understand possible impacts of anthropogenic greenhouse warming on hurricane activity, we assess model‐projected changes in large‐scale environmental factors tied to variations in hurricane
Changes in Tropical Cyclone Activity Due to Global Warming: Results from a High-Resolution Coupled General Circulation Model
This study investigates the possible changes that the greenhouse global warming might generate in the characteristics of the tropical cyclones (TCs). To this aim, scenario climate simulations,