Antennal Mechanosensors Mediate Flight Control in Moths

@article{Sane2007AntennalMM,
  title={Antennal Mechanosensors Mediate Flight Control in Moths},
  author={Sanjay P. Sane and Alexandre Dieudonn{\'e} and Mark A. Willis and Thomas L. Daniel},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={315},
  pages={863 - 866}
}
Flying insects have evolved sophisticated sensory capabilities to achieve rapid course control during aerial maneuvers. Among two-winged insects such as houseflies and their relatives, the hind wings are modified into club-shaped, mechanosensory halteres, which detect Coriolis forces and thereby mediate flight stability during maneuvers. Here, we show that mechanosensory input from the antennae serves a similar role during flight in hawk moths, which are four-winged insects. The antennae of… 
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The encoding properties of individual scolopidia from the Johnston's organs in the hawk moth, Manduca sexta, are characterized through intracellular neurophysiological recordings from axons of theScolopidial neurons to showcase the speed and high sensitivity of scolipidia of the Johnston’s organs, and hence their ability to encode fine antennal vibrations.
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