Antenatal maternal administration of phenobarbital for the prevention of exchange transfusion in neonates with hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn infant (HDFN) can be associated with bilirubin encephalopathy, which is usually averted through neonatal exchange transfusions (EXT). However, EXT can be associated with significant procedure-related morbidity. We hypothesized that maternal oral administration of phenobarbital (PB) to women with HDFN… (More)

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