Antenatal Perineal Massage Improves Women’s Experience of Childbirth and Postpartum Recovery: A Review to Facilitate Provider and Patient Education on the Technique

  title={Antenatal Perineal Massage Improves Women’s Experience of Childbirth and Postpartum Recovery: A Review to Facilitate Provider and Patient Education on the Technique},
  author={Ellington Je and Beno{\^i}t Rizk and S Criso},
  journal={Journal of Womens Health, Issues and Care},
Vaginal delivery during childbirth is associated with perineal trauma and damage in most women. Perineal damage during delivery can have significant long-term consequences for women, including decreased quality of birthing experience, persistent postpartum perineal pain and sexual dysfunction, as well as pelvic floor pathology. Many women fear such perineal trauma. In fact, obstetrical perineal damage and its long term consequences are some of the greatest concerns of patients. Even though… Expand
Effectiveness of Prenatal Perineal Massage in Reducing the Risk of Perineal Trauma during Vaginal Delivery in Nulliparous Women: A Meta-Analysis and Evidence Based Review
Background: Perineal injury occurs in 85% of all women who experience a vaginal, delivery. Perineal injury involves an episiotomy and/or a laceration. Urinary incontinence (UI) is the most frequentlyExpand
Does Antenatal Perineal Massage Decrease Perineal Traumas? A Systematic Review
It was found that antenatal perineal massage has positive effects base on the assessment of all studies and should be implemented regularly beginning from thirty-second week of pregnancy in order to improve obstetric outcomes. Expand
Background: Perineal trauma that may occur during labor may pose a critical risk both for mother’s health and her quality of life. Childbirth and puerperium are of the most important periods inExpand
Effect of Warm Compresses Versus Lubricated Massage during the Second Stage of Labor on Perineal Outcomes among Primiparous Women
Background: Numerous parturient women suffer from perineal trauma during vaginal delivery. Perineal trauma is mostly coupled with pain and serious long life complications. Consequently, prevention ofExpand
Effect of Perineal Massage with Ostrich Oil on the Episiotomy and Lacerations in Nulliparous Women: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
It is revealed that perineal massage with Ostrich oil could be recommended as an effective, safe, and inexpensive method to improve the rate of episiotomy in vaginal delivery. Expand
The Associations between Episiotomy and Urinary Incontinence among Postpartum Women
Recent evidence proved declined episiotomy rate worldwide while it remains high in many countries such as Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The role of episiotomy in the emergent of pelvic floor dysfunctionExpand
Physiotherapy for Prevention and Treatment of Fecal Incontinence in Women—Systematic Review of Methods
Fecal incontinence (FI) affects approximately 0.25–6% of the population, both men and women. The most common causes of FI are damage to/weakness of the anal sphincter muscle and/or pelvic floorExpand
Third‐ and fourth‐degree tears: A review of the current evidence for prevention and management
Third‐ and fourth‐degree tears are associated with significant pain, discomfort and impact on quality of life and intimate relationships. Australian women experience comparatively higher rates ofExpand


Management of perineal pain among postpartum women in an obstetric and gynecological hospital in China: a best practice implementation project
The current clinical audit project has made a significant improvement in establishing evidence-based practice of management of perineal pain among postpartum women in the gynecologic and obstetric hospital in Shanghai. Expand
Antenatal perineal massage decreases risk of perineal trauma during birth
Perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma is recommended for pregnant women, particularly for those from ethnic minorities, where cultural differences have been found to increase worry about possible intervention, pain and discomfort associated with birth. Expand
The effect of regular antenatal perineal massage on postnatal pain and anal sphincter injury: A prospective observational study
  • M. Eogan, L. Daly, C. O'Herlihy
  • Medicine
  • The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
  • 2006
Antenatalperineal massage was found to significantly affect postnatal perineal pain scores although it did not impact on the incidence of intact perineum at delivery, postnatal continence scores, anal manometry pressures, or endoanal ultrasound findings. Expand
Antenatal perineal massage: Part 1
A review of literature review on perineal massage and an evaluation of the massage training of midwives working in antenatal clinics found that some midwives actively promoting the service while others had no interest in the project and did not give information on antenatal perineAL massage to their women. Expand
The Effect of Perineal Lacerations on Pelvic Floor Function and Anatomy at 6 Months Postpartum in a Prospective Cohort of Nulliparous Women.
Women having second-degree lacerations are not at increased risk for pelvic floor dysfunction other than increased pain, and slightly lower sexual function scores at 6 months postpartum. Expand
Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma.
Antenatal perineal massage reduces the likelihood ofperineal trauma (mainly episiotomies) and the reporting of ongoing perineAL pain and is generally well accepted by women. Expand
Perineal massage during pregnancy: a prospective controlled trial.
The practice of antenatal perineal massage showed neither a protective nor a detrimental significant effect on the occurrence ofPerineal trauma. Expand
Antenatal perineal massage to prevent birth trauma.
Antenatal digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy is safe and well tolerated and women who have had a previous vaginal delivery do not experience a reduction in birth trauma, but they report less pain at three months postpartum. Expand
Perineal body stretch during labor does not predict perineal laceration, postpartum incontinence, or postpartum sexual function: a cohort study
PB stretch during labor is unrelated to perineal laceration, postpartum incontinence, sexual activity, or sexual function. Expand
Postpartum sexual functioning and its relationship to perineal trauma: a retrospective cohort study of primiparous women.
Women whose infants were delivered over an intact perineum reported the best outcomes overall, whereasPerineal trauma and the use of obstetric instrumentation were factors related to the frequency or severity of postpartum dyspareunia, indicating that it is important to minimize the extent of perineal damage incurred during childbirth. Expand