Antegrade and retrograde cardioplegia: alternate or simultaneous?

  title={Antegrade and retrograde cardioplegia: alternate or simultaneous?},
  author={Toshizumi Shirai and Vivek Rao and Richard D. Weisel and John S. Ikonomidis and Nobuhiko Hayashida and Joan Ivanov and Susan M Carson and M K Mohabeer and Donald A. G. Mickle},
  journal={The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery},
  volume={112 3},
UNLABELLED Neither antegrade nor retrograde cardioplegic protection provides homogeneous distribution, and a combination may be required to avoid anaerobic metabolism and depressed postoperative ventricular function. Tepid cardioplegia (29 degrees C) avoids the delayed recovery of cardiac function and metabolism associated with cold cardioplegia (15 degrees… CONTINUE READING