Antecedents and Consequences of Cronyism in Organizations

@article{Khatri2003AntecedentsAC,
  title={Antecedents and Consequences of Cronyism in Organizations},
  author={Naresh Khatri and Eric W. K. Tsang},
  journal={Journal of Business Ethics},
  year={2003},
  volume={43},
  pages={289-303}
}
In this paper we discuss cronyism that exists between superiors and subordinates. Cronyism is defined as favoritism shown by the superior to his or her subordinate based on their relationship, rather than the latter's capability or qualification, in exchange for the latter's personal loyalty. We argue that two cultural antecedents, namely particularism and paternalism, give rise to strong ingroup bias and unreserved personal loyalty, which in turn lead to cronyism. We examine the consequences… 

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