Antecedent- and response-focused emotion regulation: divergent consequences for experience, expression, and physiology.

@article{Gross1998AntecedentAR,
  title={Antecedent- and response-focused emotion regulation: divergent consequences for experience, expression, and physiology.},
  author={James Jonathan Gross},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={74 1},
  pages={
          224-37
        }
}
  • J. Gross
  • Published 1998
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Using a process model of emotion, a distinction between antecedent-focused and response-focused emotion regulation is proposed. To test this distinction, 120 participants were shown a disgusting film while their experiential, behavioral, and physiological responses were recorded. Participants were told to either (a) think about the film in such a way that they would feel nothing (reappraisal, a form of antecedent-focused emotion regulation), (b) behave in such a way that someone watching them… 

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