Ant venoms

  title={Ant venoms},
  author={Donald R. Hoffman},
  journal={Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology},
  • D. Hoffman
  • Published 1 August 2010
  • Chemistry
  • Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Purpose of reviewThe review summarizes knowledge about ants that are known to sting humans and their venoms. Recent findingsFire ants and Chinese needle ants are showing additional spread of range. Fire ants are now important in much of Asia. Venom allergens have been characterized and studied for fire ants and jack jumper ants. The first studies of Pachycondyla venoms have been reported, and a major allergen is Pac c 3, related to Sol i 3 from fire ants. There are very limited data available… 

The Biochemical Toxin Arsenal from Ant Venoms

The present review details the unique structures and pharmacologies of known ant venom proteinaceous and alkaloidal toxins and their potential as a source of novel bioinsecticides and therapeutic agents.

Insects, arachnids and centipedes venom: A powerful weapon against bacteria. A literature review

Brown spider venom toxins: what are the functions of astacins, serine proteases, hyaluronidases, allergens, TCTP, serpins and knottins?

Information regarding some functional aspects of the protein classes listed above are summarized, the directions that could be taken to materialize a comprehensive investigation on each of these toxins are discussed as well as the importance of exploring the full venom repertoire is highlighted.

Global View on Ant Venom Allergy: from Allergenic Components to Clinical Management

A global view on allergic reactions to the venoms of stinging ants and the contemporary approach to diagnose and manage ant venom allergy is provided.

Identification, expression and characterization of the recombinant Sol g 4.1 protein from the venom of the tropical fire ant Solenopsis geminata

The primary structure of Sol g 4.1 venom protein showed high similarity to that of venom proteins in the Solenopsis 2 and 4 family, which is life-threatening and produce IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions in allergic individuals.

Ant allergens and hypersensitivity reactions in response to ant stings.

Management of ant hypersensitivity can be divided into immediate (epinephrine, corticosteroids), symptomatic (antihistamines, bronchodilators), supportive (fluid resuscitation, oxygen therapy), and preventive (re-sting avoidance and immunotherapy) treatments.

Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) anaphylaxis among Thai patients: its allergens and specific IgE-reactivity.

S. geminata is identified as the most common causative ant anaphylaxis in Thai patients and its WBE comprises of 13 IgE-binding components and 3 major allergens, which supported possible Ig E-mediated mechanism.



Prevention of anaphylaxis with ant venom immunotherapy

  • S. BrownR. Heddle
  • Medicine, Biology
    Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology
  • 2003
Ant venom immunotherapy is feasible and highly efficacious, however, the limited geographical distribution of each species presents a major challenge to making venom extracts available for clinical use.

Reactions to less common species of fire ants.

  • D. Hoffman
  • Medicine
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
  • 1997

Anaphylaxis to venom of the Pachycondyla species ant.

The biochemical constituents of the venom of the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius.

  • J. SchmidtM. Blum
  • Biology, Chemistry
    Comparative biochemistry and physiology. C: Comparative pharmacology
  • 1978

Original article: Myrmecia pilosula (Jack Jumper) ant venom: identification of allergens and revised nomenclature

The aims were to determine the allergenicity of previously described venom peptides in their native forms, identify additional allergens and if necessary, update nomenclature used to describe the allergens according to International Union of Immunological Societies criteria.

The biochemical composition of venom from the pavement ant (Tetramorium caespitum L.).