Ant reproductive strategies

@article{Heinze1995AntRS,
  title={Ant reproductive strategies},
  author={J{\"u}rgen Heinze and Kazuki Tsuji},
  journal={Researches on Population Ecology},
  year={1995},
  volume={37},
  pages={135-149}
}
In contrast to what is generally believed, the reproductive strategies of ants are remarkably diverse and include such different phenomena, as wingless female and male sexuals, reproduction by mated workers, thelytokous parthenogenesis, and complete workerlessness. We review the various reproductive life histories and investigate them in the light of recent models on the evolution of dispersal strategies and multiple-queening. It appears that most deviations from “normal” colony propagation can… 

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