Answer the question: What is Enlightenment?

  title={Answer the question: What is Enlightenment?},
  author={Daniel Fidel Ferrer and Immanuel Kant},
Immanuel Kant was one of the most influential philosophers in the whole of Europe, who changed Western thought with his examinations of reason and the nature of reality. In these writings he investigates human progress, civilization, morality and why, to be truly enlightened, we must all have the freedom and courage to use our own intellect. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent… Expand
Notion of Enlightenment in Kantian Philosophy
The essence of freedom and ideas, contemplations and speculations is freedom per se, its sphere of acting which creates a sphere of acting in our mind in terms of designing and transforming our lifeExpand
The Spirit of the Enlightenment
Abstract We cannot "go back" to the Enlightenment today; its world is not ours. However, we should not reject it as revolutionaries and anti-humanists tried to during the last century. Rather, weExpand
Who Guards the Guardians? Kant, Hamann, and the Violence of Public Reasoners
This paper examines one of the most potent contemporaneous criticisms of the German Enlightenment (circa 1790) as well as the lessons that can be learned from such criticism. Specifically, itExpand
Gustav Ichheiser on Rationality and Irrationality
Since Aristotle, scholars provided different answers to the question whether humans are rational. Some scholars, e.g. Descartes, presupposed that rationality is a norm, while others, e.g. Freud,Expand
The French Enlightenment attempts to create a philosophy without reason: the case of Diderot and the effect of Helvétius
ABSTRACT It is a well-worn, yet astonishingly resilient, cliché that the Enlightenment was the “Age of Reason”. By focusing on Diderot and Helvétius this paper shows that, rather than proceeding inExpand
Post-Modern Meditations on Punishment: On the Limits of Reason and the Virtues of Randomization
Since the modern era, the discourse of punishment has cycled through three sets of questions. The first, born of the Enlightenment itself, asked: On what ground does the sovereign have the right toExpand
Kant’s Enlightenment and Women’s Peculiar Immaturity
Abstract In ‘What is Enlightenment?’, Kant claims that no women are currently enlightened. Here I argue that this exclusion is due to certain legal restrictions guiding Kant’s conception ofExpand
Enlightenment Views of Hope
This chapter discusses accounts of hope found in the works of important Enlightenment thinkers: Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, Baruch de Spinoza, David Hume, and Immanuel Kant. The paper’s guidingExpand
The subjugation of the possible
It is widely accepted that we are now in an era distinct from modernity. The failed enlightenment project and dreams of humanity developing greater consciousness of itself have given way to a newExpand
J. G. Fichte as a Post-Kantian Philosopher and His Political Theory: A Return to Romanticism
  • Ö. Erden
  • Philosophy
  • IAFOR Journal of Ethics, Religion & Philosophy
  • 2018
This paper fundamentally deals with J. G. Fichte’s philosophical views, which reshapes intellectual-philosophical bases of the post-Enlightenment era and makes a strong criticism of Kantian thinking.Expand


What Enlightenment Was, What It Still Might Be, and Why Kant May Have Been Right After All
Debates about “the end(s) of Enlightenment” tend to confuse the Enlightenment (the historical period) with enlightenment (an activity whose nature and ends were the subject of much debate during theExpand
What is Enlightenment? : eighteenth-century answers and twentieth-century questions
This collection contains the first English translations of a group of important eighteenth-century German essays that address the question, 'What is Enlightenment?'. The book also includes newlyExpand
Misunderstanding the Question: ‘What is Enlightenment?’: Venturi, Habermas, and Foucault
In his 1969 Trevelyan Lectures, Franco Venturi argued that Kant's response to the question “What is Enlightenment?” has tended to promote a “philosophical interpretation” of the Enlightenment thatExpand
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An Answer to the Questions: ‘What is Enlightenment?
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