Another look at rotatability

@article{Draper1990AnotherLA,
  title={Another look at rotatability},
  author={Norman R. Draper and Friedrich Pukelsheim},
  journal={Technometrics},
  year={1990},
  volume={32},
  pages={195-202}
}
Rotatability is one of many desirable characteristics of a response-surface design. Recent work (Draper and Guttman 1988; Khuri 1988) has, for the first time, provided ways to measure “how rotatable” a design may be when it is not perfectly rotatable. This had previously been assessed by the viewing of tediously obtained contour diagrams. This article provides a criterion that is easy to compute and is invariant under design rotation. It also easily extends to higher degree models. 

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