Anorexia nervosa

@article{Treasure2015AnorexiaN,
  title={Anorexia nervosa},
  author={Janet Treasure and Stephan Zipfel and Nadia Micali and Tracey Wade and Eric Stice and Ang{\'e}lica M. Claudino and Ulrike Schmidt and Guido K. Frank and Cynthia M. Bulik and Elisabet Wentz},
  journal={Nature Reviews Disease Primers},
  year={2015}
}
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric condition characterized by severe weight loss and secondary problems associated with malnutrition. AN predominantly develops in adolescence in the peripubertal period. Without early effective treatment, the course is protracted with physical, psychological and social morbidity and high mortality. Despite these effects, patients are noted to value the beliefs and behaviours that contribute to their illness rather than regarding them as problematic, which… 
Sudden gains in the outpatient treatment of anorexia nervosa: A process‐outcome study
TLDR
This study investigated whether SGs were associated with changes in BMI, eating disorder symptomology, general psychopathology, and psychosocial impairment between baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months follow-up.
Anorexia nervosa in adolescents.
TLDR
This review of anorexia nervosa in adolescents provides an overview of the presentation, aetiology and treatment of this disorder, with a particular focus on the assessment and management of physical health risks, including refeeding syndrome.
Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa—New Evidence-Based Guidelines
TLDR
The new guideline is presented and changes, in comparison with the original guideline published in 2011, are discussed and the German guideline is compared to current international evidence-based guidelines for eating disorders.
Body shape in inpatients with severe anorexia nervosa
TLDR
Findings provide support to the effectiveness of hospitalization in improving body shape concerns and body avoidance, but not body checking; baseline bodyshape concerns (especially body checking) impacted on clinical improvement.
When anorexia nervosa symptoms mask Kallmann syndrome
TLDR
This case definitely shows the importance of performing a case history and early diagnosis in pre-pubertal AN to rule out other rare diseases and avoid mid- and long-term sequelae.
Anorexia nervosa: 30-year outcome
TLDR
This long-term follow-up study reflects the course of adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa and has shown a favourable outcome regarding mortality and full symptom recovery, however, one in five had a chronic eating disorder.
High levels of physical activity in female adolescents with anorexia nervosa: medical and psychopathological correlates
TLDR
Results suggest that high levels of physical activity in acute AN associate with worst clinical conditions at admission, especially in terms of endocrinological and medical features.
Illness Perception in Adolescent Patients With Anorexia: Does It Play a Role in socio-Emotional and Academic Adjustment?
TLDR
It was showed that anorexia patients’ illness perceptions were related to socio-emotional and academic adjustment, while emotional representation was associated with a worse emotional and social adjustment.
Anorexia Nervosa and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Analysed studies suggest that while the comorbidity seems to exacerbate the severity of the condition, autistic traits appear to be rather stable over time and not related to body weight.
Short-Term Outcome of Inpatient Treatment for Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa Using DSM-5 Remission Criteria
TLDR
Evidence is provided for the short-term effectiveness of a multimodal inpatient treatment concept for adolescents with anorexia nervosa and recommends using DSM-5 based remission criteria to evaluate the treatment outcome to improve the comparability of studies.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 231 REFERENCES
Antidepressants for anorexia nervosa.
TLDR
Four placebo-controlled trials did not find evidence that antidepressants improved weight gain, eating disorder or associated psychopathology, and future studies testing safer and more tolerable antidepressants in larger, well designed trials are needed to provide guidance for clinical practice.
Inpatient Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
TLDR
Most add-on treatments during the acute inpatient phase of AN treatment are not effective in increasing weight recovery, and long-term follow-up studies after the acute treatment phase are needed to make evidence-based recommendations.
Long-term follow-up of adolescent onset anorexia nervosa in northern Sweden
Anorexia Nervosa is a psychiatric illness with peak onset in ages 14-17. Most cases recover within a few years, but the illness can have a fatal outcome or long duration. Multifactor causes of
Epidemiology and course of anorexia nervosa in the community.
TLDR
The authors found a substantially higher lifetime prevalence and incidence of anorexia nervosa than reported in previous studies, most of which were based on treated cases.
Anorexia nervosa in young men: A cohort study.
TLDR
Male gender in AN--on a group level--suggests a good psychiatric prognosis and some differences between male patients with AN and the male population without AN concerning social background, capacity to support oneself, and living with partner and child are suggested.
Compulsivity in anorexia nervosa: a transdiagnostic concept
TLDR
Viewing compulsivity as a transdiagnostic concept, seen in various manifestations across disorders, may help delineate the mechanisms responsible for the persistence of anorexia nervosa, and aid treatment development.
Should amenorrhea be a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa?
  • E. Attia, C. Roberto
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of eating disorders
  • 2009
TLDR
It is suggested that one option is to describe amenorrhea in DSM-V as a frequent occurrence among individuals with AN that may provide important information about clinical severity, but should not be maintained as a core diagnostic feature.
Temperament-based treatment for anorexia nervosa.
  • W. Kaye, C. Wierenga, +4 authors I. Eisler
  • Psychology, Medicine
    European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association
  • 2015
TLDR
This model integrates the development of AN-focused constructive coping strategies with carer-focused strategies to manage temperament traits that contribute to AN symptomatology and is consistent with the recent Novel Interventions for Mental Disorders initiative.
Endocrine abnormalities in anorexia nervosa
TLDR
Key endocrine alterations in Anorexia nervosa are summarized, with a particular focus on the profound bone loss that can occur in this disease.
Anorexia nervosa: outcome and prognostic factors after 20 years.
TLDR
There was a general consistency between the follow- up at 20 years and that previously conducted five years after admission, although with a few individual patients there were serious prognostic errors at the earlier follow-up.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...