Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) Susceptibility to Insecticides and Knockdown Resistance Genes Prior to Introduction of Indoor Residual Spraying in 11 Districts in Ghana.


BACKGROUND An insecticide susceptibility study was carried out on Anopheles gambiae sensu lato vectors in 11 districts in Ghana between October 2012 and January 2013. METHODS An. gambiae s.l. larvae were collected, bred under standard conditions, and 3-5 d postemerged females were used for bioassay. Between 22 and 25 female An. gambiae s.l. fed only 10… (More)


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