Anomalous quantum Hall effect: An incompressible quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations

  title={Anomalous quantum Hall effect: An incompressible quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations},
  author={Robert B. Laughlin},
  journal={Physical Review Letters},
  • R. Laughlin
  • Published 2 May 1983
  • Physics
  • Physical Review Letters
This Letter presents variational ground-state and excited-state wave functions which describe the condensation of a two-dimensional electron gas into a new state of matter. 

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