Anomalous Behavior of Synchronizer and Arbiter Circuits

  title={Anomalous Behavior of Synchronizer and Arbiter Circuits},
  author={T. J. Chaney and C. Molnar},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Computers},
  • T. J. Chaney, C. Molnar
  • Published 1973
  • Computer Science
  • IEEE Transactions on Computers
  • Observations are shown of oscillatory and metastable behavior of flip-flops in response to logically undefined input conditions such as those that occur in synchronizers and arbiters. Significant systems failures have resulted from this fundamentally inescapable problem that is generally not appreciated by system designers and users. 
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