• Corpus ID: 49566804

Annual Review of Public Health E-Cigarettes : Use , Effects on Smoking , Risks , and Policy Implications

  title={Annual Review of Public Health E-Cigarettes : Use , Effects on Smoking , Risks , and Policy Implications},
  author={Stanton A. Glantz and David W. Bareham},
Since e-cigarettes appeared in the mid-2000s, some practitioners, researchers, and policy makers have embraced them as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes and an effective way to stop smoking. While ecigarettes deliver lower levels of carcinogens than do conventional cigarettes, they still expose users to high levels of ultrafine particles and other toxins that may substantially increase cardiovascular and noncancer lung disease risks, which account for more than half of all smoking… 
1 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Perceived Harm and Addictiveness of e-Cigarette: A Systematic Review
E-cigarette were perceived harmless and less addictive than cigarettes among its users with many predictors associated, including sex, age, race, education, advertisement and health belief for smoking cessation.


Are Electronic Cigarette Users at Increased Risk for Cardiovascular Disease?
It is reported in this issue of JAMA Cardiology that habitual use of e-cigarettes increases the sympathetic tone and induces oxidative stress, and there is little direct evidence to assess the health impact of e -cigarettes.
E-Cigarettes and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Evaluation of Evidence, Policy Implications, and Recommendations
  • A. Bhatnagar
  • Medicine, Biology
    Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
  • 2016
Current evidence does not entirely support the notion that e-cigarettes are reduced harm products or effective smoking cessation devices, and the dose-response relationship between smoking and cardiovascular mortality is non-linear.
Pulmonary toxicity of e-cigarettes.
An updated review of the pulmonary toxicity profile of e-cig aerosols is provided, summarizing evidence from cell culture, animal models, and human subjects, and highlighting the major gaps in current understanding.
Need for Examination of Broader Range of Risks When Predicting the Effects of New Tobacco Products.
  • S. Glantz
  • Medicine
    Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • 2017
A cohort-based model that follows youth and young adults forward in time to assess health impacts of “vaporized nicotine products” (VNP, e-cigarettes and heat-not-burn) over time found that net population health effects from e- cigarettes are especially sensitive to e-cigarette risks and e- cigarette use rates among those likely to smoke cigarettes.
E-cigarettes: an evidence update. A report commissioned by Public Health England.
There is no evidence that EC are undermining the long-term decline in cigarette smoking among adults and youth, and may in fact be contributing to it, and new regulations currently planned should also maximise the public health opportunities of EC.
E-cigarettes and smoking cessation in real-world and clinical settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as Tobacco Cigarettes Substitute: A Prospective 12-Month Randomized Control Design Study
In smokers not intending to quit, the use of e-cigarettes, with or without nicotine, decreased cigarette consumption and elicited enduring tobacco abstinence without causing significant side effects.
E-Cigarettes and Future Cigarette Use
E-cigarette use in never-smoking youth may increase risk of subsequent initiation of cigarettes and other combustible products during the transition to adulthood when the purchase of tobacco products becomes legal.
Cardiovascular effects of electronic cigarettes
Although ECs might pose some cardiovascular risk to users, particularly those with existing cardiovascular disease, the risk is thought to be less than that of cigarette smoking based on qualitative and quantitative comparisons of EC aerosol versus cigarette smoke constituents.
Modeling the Health Effects of Expanding e-Cigarette Sales in the United States and United Kingdom: A Monte Carlo Analysis.
According to this analysis, widespread promotion of e-cigarettes may have a wide range of population-level health effects, depending on both e-cigarette health risks and patterns of use.