Ac2-26, an Annexin A1 Peptide, Attenuates Ischemia-Reperfusion-Induced Acute Lung Injury
Inflammation is currently recognized as a key mechanism in the pathogenesis of renal ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury. The importance of infiltrating neutrophil, lymphocytes, and macrophage in this kind of injury has been assessed with conflicting results. Annexin 1 is a protein with potent neutrophil anti-migratory activity. In order to evaluate the effects of annexin A1 on renal I/R injury, uninephrectomized rats received annexin A1 mimetic peptide Ac2-26 (100 μg) or vehicle before 30 min of renal artery clamping and were compared to sham surgery animals. Annexin A1 mimetic peptide granted a remarkable protection against I/R injury, preventing glomerular filtration rate and urinary osmolality decreases and acute tubular necrosis development. Annexin A1 infusion aborted neutrophil extravasation and attenuated macrophage infiltration but did not prevent tissue lymphocyte traffic. I/R increased annexin A1 expression (assessed by transmission electron microscopy) in renal epithelial cells, which was attenuated by exogenous annexin A1 infusion. Additionally, annexin A1 reduced I/R injury in isolated proximal tubules suspension. Annexin A1 protein afforded striking functional and structural protection against renal I/R. These results point to an important role of annexin A1 in the epithelial cells defense against I/R injury and indicate that neutrophils are key mediators for the development of tissue injury after renal I/R. If these results were confirmed in clinical studies, annexin A1 might emerge as an important tool to protect against I/R injury in renal transplantation and in vascular surgery.