Anna Karenina and the two envelopes problem

  title={Anna Karenina and the two envelopes problem},
  author={Robin Gill},
  journal={Australian \& New Zealand Journal of Statistics},
  • R. Gill
  • Published 9 March 2020
  • Philosophy
  • Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics
The Anna Karenina principle is named after the opening sentence in the eponymous novel: Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. The two envelopes problem (TEP) is a much‐studied paradox in probability theory, mathematical economics, logic and philosophy. Time and again a new analysis is published in which an author claims finally to explain what actually goes wrong in this paradox. Each author (the present author included) emphasises what is new in their… 
A Festschrift for Adrian Baddeley
This article introduces a special issue of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Statistics, being a Festschrift for Adrian Baddeley on the occasion of his 65th birthday.


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March 22, 1994 A wealthy eccentric places two envelopes in front of you. She tells you that both envelopes contain money, and that one contains twice as much as the other, but she does not tell you