Ankle-brachial index and cardiovascular mortality in nondiabetic hemodialysis patients.

Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Low (<0.90) and high (>1.40) ankle-brachial index (ABI) is known as a non-invasive diagnostic marker for generalized atherosclerosis associated with higher cardiovascular (CV) mortality in the general population. Less is known about associations between ABI and CV… CONTINUE READING