Anismus: Fact or fiction?

@article{Schouten1997AnismusFO,
  title={Anismus: Fact or fiction?},
  author={W. R. Schouten and J. Briel and J. Auwerda and J. Dam and M. Gosselink and A. Ginai and W. Hop},
  journal={Diseases of the Colon \& Rectum},
  year={1997},
  volume={40},
  pages={1033-1041}
}
PURPOSE: Although anismus has been considered to be the principal cause of anorectal outlet obstruction, it is doubtful whether contraction of the puborectalis muscle during straining is paradoxical. The present study was conducted to answer this question. METHODS: During the first part of the study, we retrospectively reviewed 121 patients with constipation and/or obstructed defecation (male:female, 10/111; median age, 51 years). All of these patients underwent electromyography (EMG) of the… Expand
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