Animated Demonstrations vs Written Instructions for Learning Procedural Tasks: A Preliminary Investigation

@article{Palmiter1991AnimatedDV,
  title={Animated Demonstrations vs Written Instructions for Learning Procedural Tasks: A Preliminary Investigation},
  author={Susan Palmiter and Jay Elkerton and Patricia Baggett},
  journal={International Journal of Man-Machine Studies},
  year={1991},
  volume={34},
  pages={687-701}
}
Animated demonstrations have been created due to the development of direct manipulation interfaces and the need for faster learning, so that users can learn interface procedures by watching. To compare animated demonstrations with written inst~~ions we observed users learning and performing HyperCardTMS authoring tasks on the Ma~nt~h~ during three performance sessions. In the training session, users were asked either to watch a demonstration or read the procedures needed for the task and then… CONTINUE READING