Animal-Assisted Therapy: A Meta-Analysis

  title={Animal-Assisted Therapy: A Meta-Analysis},
  author={Janelle Nimer and Brad Lundahl},
  pages={225 - 238}
ABSTRACTAnimal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been practiced for many years and there is now increasing interest in demonstrating its efficacy through research. [] Key Method We conducted a comprehensive search of articles reporting on AAT in which we reviewed 250 studies, 49 of which met our inclusion criteria and were submitted to meta-analytic procedures. Overall, AAT was associated with moderate effect sizes in improving outcomes in four areas: Autism-spectrum symptoms, medical difficulties, behavioral…

Construct Validity of Animal-Assisted Therapy and Activities: How Important Is the Animal in AAT?

The effects of AAT and AAA are likely to be moderate and broad at best and the literature has not yet reached an experimentally rigorous enough level to provide a definitive robust conclusion about the effectiveness of these approaches, particularly with regard to the question of whether a live animal is necessary for a therapeutic effect.

Animal-Assisted Therapy as a Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Nicola Claire Pellew
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Emerging Trends in the Diagnosis and Intervention of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • 2019
The necessity for physician participation, the reasons for the lack of clinician participation in such research, and recommendations for encouraging physician and policymaker participation in specifically targeted research studies are discussed.

Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Animal-Assisted Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review

  • M. O’Haire
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2013
It is demonstrated that there is preliminary “proof of concept” of AAI for ASD and the need for further, more rigorous research is highlighted.

Animal-Assisted Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review

  • M. O’Haire
  • Psychology
    Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
  • 2012
The inclusion of animals in therapeutic activities, known as animal-assisted intervention (AAI), has been suggested as a treatment practice for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This paper presents a

A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Psychosocial Outcomes

It is suggested that aaIs may be of benefit to a wide range of individuals, including children with autism, and adults with psychological disorders, including schizophrenia, however, further research using well-designed RCts is required to more definitively explore what specific types of aaI are beneficial for specific populations.

Canine-Assisted Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review

 Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been suggested to increase prosocial behavior in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Out of all the animals used in AAT, dogs have been found to

Animal-Assisted Intervention for trauma: a systematic literature review

It is concluded that AAI may provide promise as a complementary treatment option for trauma, but that further research is essential to establish feasibility, efficacy, and manualizable protocols.

The Role and Impact of Animals with Pediatric Patients.

A literature review included primary data sources PubMed, PsychINFO, Medline, and CINAHL, and yielded positive and beneficial outcomes to be gained through AAT in the pediatric population.



Animal-Assisted Therapy in Psychiatric Rehabilitation

It is suggested that AAT plays an important role in enhancing the benefits of conventional therapy, and the benefit of including a non-AAT group for comparison is demonstrated, which demonstrates the importance of using longitudinal, repeated measure designs.

Animal-assisted therapy for elderly schizophrenic patients: a one-year controlled trial.

  • Y. BarakO. SavoraiS. MavashevA. Beni
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
  • 2001
AAT proved a successful tool for enhancing socialization, ADLs, and general well-being in elderly schizophrenic patients, and the SAFE scores at termination showed significant improvement compared with baseline scores.

Behavior of Children with Learning Disabilities Interacting With a Therapy Dog

This study aimed to develop a methodology to investigate the effects of a dog on the behavior of children with severe learning disabilities and found that the real dog provided a more sustained focus for positive and co-operative interactions with itself and the adult.

Animal-Assisted Therapy and Nutrition in Alzheimer’s Disease

Nutritional intake increased significantly when the aquariums were introduced and continued to increase during the 6-week weekly follow-up and participants required less nutritional supplementation, resulting in health care cost savings.

A day care program and evaluation of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) for the elderly with senile dementia

The findings demonstrate the usefulness of using several methods for evaluation of the changes in patients given AAT, and the evaluation of salivary CgA, as a mental stress index, showed a decreasing tendency in the AAT group.

Animal-Assisted Therapy Enhances Resident Social Interaction and Initiation in Long-Term Care Facilities

Overall, during AAT residents were involved in as much or more conversation with others, including the animals, as residents in Non-Animal Therapy, and were more likely to initiate and participate in longer conversations.

Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Patients' Anxiety, Fear, and Depression Before ECT

Animal-assisted therapy may have a useful role in psychiatric and medical therapies in which the therapeutic procedure is inherently fear-inducing or has a negative societal perception.

The effects of animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in an elderly population in long-term care facilities.

  • Marian R. BanksW. Banks
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • 2002
The desire for AAT strongly correlates with previous pet ownership and reduces loneliness in residents of long-term care facilities, and AAT was shown by analysis of covariance followed by pairwise comparison to have significantly reduced loneliness scores.

Animal-Assisted Therapy and Depression in Adult College Students

AbstractThis study investigated the effects of animal-assisted therapy (A-AT) on self-reported depression in a college population. Forty-four participants were selected on the basis of scores on the

An Evaluation of Therapeutic Horseback Riding Programs for Adults with Physical Impairments.

Several methods have been developed over the years that employ animals as adjuncts in psychotherapeutic interventions; therapeutic horseback riding is one such example. The purpose of this