Animal-Assisted Therapy: A Meta-Analysis

@article{Nimer2007AnimalAssistedTA,
  title={Animal-Assisted Therapy: A Meta-Analysis},
  author={Janelle Nimer and Brad Lundahl},
  journal={Anthrozo{\"o}s},
  year={2007},
  volume={20},
  pages={225 - 238}
}
ABSTRACTAnimal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been practiced for many years and there is now increasing interest in demonstrating its efficacy through research. [...] Key Method We conducted a comprehensive search of articles reporting on AAT in which we reviewed 250 studies, 49 of which met our inclusion criteria and were submitted to meta-analytic procedures. Overall, AAT was associated with moderate effect sizes in improving outcomes in four areas: Autism-spectrum symptoms, medical difficulties, behavioral…Expand
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References

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Animal-Assisted Therapy in Psychiatric Rehabilitation
TLDR
It is suggested that AAT plays an important role in enhancing the benefits of conventional therapy, and the benefit of including a non-AAT group for comparison is demonstrated, which demonstrates the importance of using longitudinal, repeated measure designs. Expand
Animal-assisted therapy for elderly schizophrenic patients: a one-year controlled trial.
TLDR
AAT proved a successful tool for enhancing socialization, ADLs, and general well-being in elderly schizophrenic patients, and the SAFE scores at termination showed significant improvement compared with baseline scores. Expand
The effects of animal-assisted therapy on anxiety ratings of hospitalized psychiatric patients.
TLDR
Animal-assisted therapy was associated with reduced state anxiety levels for hospitalized patients with a variety of psychiatric diagnoses, while a routine therapeutic recreation session was associatedwith reduced levels only for patients with mood disorders. Expand
Behavior of Children with Learning Disabilities Interacting With a Therapy Dog
TLDR
This study aimed to develop a methodology to investigate the effects of a dog on the behavior of children with severe learning disabilities and found that the real dog provided a more sustained focus for positive and co-operative interactions with itself and the adult. Expand
Animal-Assisted Therapy and Nutrition in Alzheimer’s Disease
TLDR
Nutritional intake increased significantly when the aquariums were introduced and continued to increase during the 6-week weekly follow-up and participants required less nutritional supplementation, resulting in health care cost savings. Expand
A day care program and evaluation of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) for the elderly with senile dementia
TLDR
The findings demonstrate the usefulness of using several methods for evaluation of the changes in patients given AAT, and the evaluation of salivary CgA, as a mental stress index, showed a decreasing tendency in the AAT group. Expand
Animal-Assisted Therapy Enhances Resident Social Interaction and Initiation in Long-Term Care Facilities
TLDR
Overall, during AAT residents were involved in as much or more conversation with others, including the animals, as residents in Non-Animal Therapy, and were more likely to initiate and participate in longer conversations. Expand
Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Patients' Anxiety, Fear, and Depression Before ECT
TLDR
Animal-assisted therapy may have a useful role in psychiatric and medical therapies in which the therapeutic procedure is inherently fear-inducing or has a negative societal perception. Expand
Animal-Assisted Therapy for Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders
TLDR
Results show that children exhibited a more playful mood, were more focused, and were more aware of their social environments when in the presence of a therapy dog, suggesting that animal-assisted therapy (AAT) maybe an appropriate form of therapy. Expand
The effects of animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in an elderly population in long-term care facilities.
  • Marian R. Banks, W. Banks
  • Medicine
  • The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • 2002
TLDR
The desire for AAT strongly correlates with previous pet ownership and reduces loneliness in residents of long-term care facilities, and AAT was shown by analysis of covariance followed by pairwise comparison to have significantly reduced loneliness scores. Expand
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