Anglo-Saxon Plant Remedies and the Anglo-Saxons

  title={Anglo-Saxon Plant Remedies and the Anglo-Saxons},
  author={Linda Ehrsam Voigts},
  pages={250 - 268}
I N THE SURVIVING BODY of vernacular writing from Anglo-Saxon England, medical texts, containing mostly remedies to be derived from plants, bulk large. In addition to glossed remedies and short treatises,' four long Old English medical works survive, three of them in unique manuscripts: the Lwceboc (Bald's Leechbook), Lacnunga, and Peri Didaxeon.2 The fourth text, the Herbarium Apulei, is the Old English translation of the late antique herbal falsely attributed to Apuleius and expanded to 185… Expand
Anglo-Saxon pharmacopoeia revisited: a potential treasure in drug discovery.
Three of the four major Anglo-Saxon collections reporting medicinal formulations in England from the 10th century, the Old English Herbarium, Bald's Leechbook and the Lacnunga, could contain leads and insights into new medicinal uses that could be explored to discover additional plant metabolites with potential pharmacological applications. Expand
The balsam of Matariyya: an exploration of a medieval panacea
  • M. Milwright
  • History
  • Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • 2003
The products derived from the balsam tree (probably a cultivar of Commiphora opobalsamum [L.] Engl.) were employed extensively in medicine during the medieval period. This article presents aExpand
The botanical lexicon of the Old English Herbarium
Recent research has established beyond question that, in the study of medicine at least, Anglo-Saxon England was far from being ‘a backwater in which superstition flourished until the mainstream ofExpand
Extra-Medical Elements in Anglo-Saxon Medicine
The differing use of amulets, incantations, rituals and special exotic ingredients in the texts, ranging from the two translations from Latin in the Apuleius Complex, to the compilation in two books which the authors call Bald's Leechbook, 'Remedies'. Expand
Lupines, Manganese, and Devil-Sickness: An Anglo-Saxon Medical Response to Epilepsy
  • P. Dendle
  • Medicine
  • Bulletin of the history of medicine
  • 2001
The most frequently prescribed herb for "devil-sickness" in the vernacular medical books from Anglo-Saxon England, the lupine, is exceptionally high in manganese, implying that the Northern European peoples discovered whatever anticonvulsive properties the herb may exhibit. Expand
Investigation of antimicrobials from native British plants used in 10th century Anglo-Saxon wound healing formulations
Some native species in the Anglo-Saxon formulations may have been effective for treating bacterial infection in wounds and that the medical texts are a valuable source for rediscovering plants and medicinal uses lost to Western herbal practice is shown. Expand
Bald's Leechbook and cultural interactions in Anglo-Saxon England
The Old English medical records are rich in materials which contain evidence for contacts between the Anglo-Saxons and other cultures. For example, in 1945 Howard Meroney collected the various loanExpand
The therapeutic effects of Agrimonia eupatoria L.
Phytochemical analyses of Agrimonia eupatoria L. identified a variety of bioactive compounds including tannins, flavonoids, phenolic acids, triterpenoids and volatile oils possessing antioxidant, immunomodulatory and antimicrobial activities. Expand
Anglo-Saxon medicine and magic.
  • M. Cameron
  • History, Medicine
  • Anglo-Saxon England
  • 1988
The Old English medical documents have suffered from a similar treament in that critics have rarely dealt with them primarily as medical documents. Expand
Woman’s Milk in Anglo-Saxon and Later Medieval Medical Texts
Women’s early history provides a long tradition of attested textual evidence associating female bodily secretions with impurity, particularly in relation to menstruation, childbirth, and sexualExpand


Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Leg. Sec. 2 (Hanover, 1883). For a brief but useful discussion and bibliography and translation of the inventories, see
    See also Loyn and Percival, Reign of Charlemagne
    • Capitularia Regum Francorum