Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors reduce neointimal thickening and maintain endothelial nitric oxide function in rabbit carotid arteries.


Application of periarterial collars induced atheroma-like lesions in the carotid arteries of normocholesterolemic rabbits. Vessel segments taken from the mid-region of the collar (cuffed region) and control regions of the same artery were studied at 7 days after surgery. A group of placebo rabbits was provided ad libitum with regular tap water, and treated animals were supplied for 14 days (beginning 7 days before collar application) with water containing perindopril (daily intake of approximately 0.3 mg/kg). Perindopril treatment reduced plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity by 88% but did not significantly alter arterial blood pressure or heart rate. The sensitivity of arterial rings to angiotensins I and II did not differ between control and cuffed arteries in either placebo or perindopril-treated rabbits, but in rings from both groups of rabbits the sensitivity to the vasoconstrictor action of serotonin was higher in the cuffed segments, as in previous studies. In addition, in placebo rabbits the endothelium-dependent vasorelaxant response to acetylcholine (which results from the release of nitric oxide) was weaker in cuffed arteries than in controls, whereas in the perindopril-treated animals, this impairment of relaxation was restored to the extent that, in cuffed vessels, it was no longer significantly different from the controls. Similar results were obtained in rabbits treated with another ACE inhibitor (ramipril). In contrast, acute treatment with the metabolite, perindoprilat, in vitro (1.0 microM) did not alter the response to acetylcholine in control or cuffed rings from placebo rabbits. Morphologically, vessel segments taken from the center of the cuffed artery of placebo rabbits showed a thickened intima with marked smooth muscle cell proliferation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Dusting1995AngiotensinconvertingEI, title={Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors reduce neointimal thickening and maintain endothelial nitric oxide function in rabbit carotid arteries.}, author={Greg J. Dusting and Racheal Hyland and Haruyo Hickey and Michael Makdissi}, journal={The American journal of cardiology}, year={1995}, volume={76 15}, pages={24E-27E} }