Response of serum angiotensin converting enzyme, plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone to conventional dialysis in patients on chronic haemodialysis
We evaluated serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and thyroid function to determine the importance as prognostic factors in acute renal failure (ARF). Among 37 ARF patients, 24 survived (recovered group) and 13 died (lethal group). Both serum thyroxine (T4) level and ACE activity were lower in ARF as a whole group (n = 37) than normal control group (n = 27, p less than 0.01). Both serum T4 level and ACE activity in lethal group (n = 13) were significantly lower than those of the recovered group (n = 24, p less than 0.01). Serum ACE activity but not serum T4 level was significantly related to the prognosis of ARF (p less than 0.02, Mantel-Haenszel analysis). This suggests that lowered serum T4 levels are not a specific indicator of ARF, but lowered ACE activity is significantly related to the prognosis of the patient in ARF. Serum ACE activity seems to be one of several clinically useful prognostic indicators in ARF.