Angiotensin II-induced change in inositol phosphates were studied in cultured rat mesangial cells prelabeled with [3H]myo-inositol. By using anion-exchange high performance liquid chromatography, we could analyzed the change in inositol mono-, bis-, and tris-phosphate more rapidly and easily with higher resolution than the previously reported methods. Angiotensin II rapidly increased inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and inositol 1,4-bisphosphate within 15 sec, followed by an increase in inositol 1-monophosphate at 30 sec. Angiotensin II-induced increases in inositol phosphates were dose-dependent and completely blocked by saralasin. These results indicate that angiotensin II induces the production of inositol phosphates including inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, an intracellular Ca2+-releasing factor, in cultured rat mesangial cells.