Angiography of chronic hemodialysis arteriovenous grafts.


The arteriovenous graft has become an accepted vascular access route for chronic hemodialysis. Angiography plays in important role in the demonstration of graft abnormalities and in the management of graft malfunction. We describe the two basic techniques of graft angiography and classify graft abnormalities and factors associated with graft malfunction… (More)


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