Anger and fear responses to stress have different biological profiles

  title={Anger and fear responses to stress have different biological profiles},
  author={Wesley G. Moons and Naomi I. Eisenberger and Shelley E. Taylor},
  journal={Brain, Behavior, and Immunity},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Anger responses to psychosocial stress predict heart rate and cortisol stress responses in men but not women
Anger Is Associated with Increased IL-6 Stress Reactivity in Women, But Only Among Those Low in Social Support
Supportive ties can dampen the relationship of anger to pro-inflammatory reactivity to acute stress, and implications to cardiovascular disease are discussed.
Anxiety, not anger, induces inflammatory activity: An avoidance/approach model of immune system activation.
This experiment demonstrates that one's specific emotional reaction to a stressor may be a significant determinant of whether an inflammatory reaction occurs in response to that stressor and supports a theoretical model explaining these effects based on the avoidance or approach motivations associated with emotions.
Cumulative trauma, emotion reactivity and salivary cytokine levels following acute stress in healthy women
Findings suggest that both cumulative trauma exposure and positive emotion have implications for salivary cytokine responses to acute stress, and the inclusion of healthy women strengthens internal validity, and increases confidence that observed associations between trauma and salivaries cytokines can be attributed to trauma, rather than to confounding health problems.
Interpersonal Stress Severity Longitudinally Predicts Adolescent Girls’ Depressive Symptoms: the Moderating Role of Subjective and HPA Axis Stress Responses
Results indicate that experiences of severe interpersonally-themed stress predict elevated levels of depressive symptoms longitudinally only for adolescent girls with elevated affective reactivity to stress, and suggest that these deleterious effects of stress are most exacerbated forGirls with elevated physiological responses to stress.
From stress to inflammation and major depressive disorder: a social signal transduction theory of depression.
A biologically plausible, multilevel theory is proposed that describes neural, physiologic, molecular, and genomic mechanisms that link experiences of social-environmental stress with internal biological processes that drive depression pathogenesis and may shed light on several important questions including how depression develops, why it frequently recurs, and why it is strongly predicted by early life stress.
Early Adversity and Changes in Cortisol and Negative Affect in Response to Interpersonal Threats in the Laboratory
Adverse childhood experiences, such as abuse and neglect, are associated with poor health outcomes. This association may be partially explained by differences in stress physiology. Though most early


Out of Balance
A broad framework relating stress and depression to a range of diseases whose onset and course may be influenced by proinflammatory cytokines, particularly the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6).
The 'Trier Social Stress Test'--a tool for investigating psychobiological stress responses in a laboratory setting.
The results suggest that gender, genetics and nicotine consumption can influence the individual's stress responsiveness to psychological stress while personality traits showed no correlation with cortisol responses to TSST stimulation.
Immunological Effects of Induced Shame and Guilt
It is suggested that inducing self-related emotions can cause changes in inflammatory products, and that shame may have specific immunological correlates.
Cytokines for psychologists: implications of bidirectional immune-to-brain communication for understanding behavior, mood, and cognition.
It is argued that activation of immune-brain pathways is important for understanding diverse phenomena related to stress such as depression and suppression of specific immunity.
State anger and prefrontal brain activity: evidence that insult-related relative left-prefrontal activation is associated with experienced anger and aggression.
The present experiment tested whether state-induced anger is associated with relative left-prefrontal activity and whether this prefrontal activity is also associated with aggression, and results supported these hypotheses.
Complexities of Stress. (Book Reviews: Perturbing the Organism. The Biology of Stressful Experience.)
This authoritative work is the first to analyze critically the entire range of research and theory on stress in animals and humans, from the earliest studies in the 1930s up to the present day, and supplies a new working definition and classification of stressful experience.
Fear, anger, and risk.
The present studies highlight multiple benefits of studying specific emotions as a complement to studies that link affective valence to judgment outcomes, and predict that fear and anger have opposite effects on risk perception.
Perturbing the Organism: The Biology of Stressful Experience
Herbert Weiner's very well-reasoned attempt to rename "stress" by emphasizing that it is an active process involving individual differences in the perception of, and behavioral and physiological response to, the challenges of being alive.
Effects of gender and age on the levels and circadian rhythmicity of plasma cortisol.
There are marked gender-specific effects of aging on the levels and diurnal variation of human adrenocorticotropic activity, consistent with the hypothesis of the "wear and tear" of lifelong exposure to stress.
Patterns of cognitive appraisal in emotion.
This work proposes eight cognitive appraisal dimensions to differentiate emotional experience, and investigates the patterns of appraisal for the different emotions, and the role of each of the dimensions in differentiating emotional experience are discussed.