Anger Cognitions and Cardiovascular Recovery Following Provocation

  title={Anger Cognitions and Cardiovascular Recovery Following Provocation},
  author={Sonia Suchday and Michele M. Carter and Craig K. Ewart and Kevin T. Larkin and Otello Desiderato},
  journal={Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
The current study describes the creation and validation of the Anger Cognitions Inventory (ACI) to assess the cognitive appraisals associated with resentful and reflective anger. The ACI was created based on a content analysis of self-reports of participants' thoughts and feelings following anger provocation in the laboratory. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on two separate college student samples (N = 267 and N = 276, respectively) revealed five subscales which could validly be… 

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The Multidimensional Anger Inventory.

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Psychometric data for an inventory that is sensitive to the multidimensional nature of the anger construct is described and Psychometric analyses of the scale showed that it possessed adequate test-retest reliability and high internal consistency.

Gender, anger expression style, and opportunity for anger release determine cardiovascular reaction to and recovery from anger provocation.

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    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2001
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Relations between anger expression and cardiovascular reactivity: reconciling inconsistent findings through a matching hypothesis.

The hypotheses that the influence of anger expression style on psychophysiological responses would be limited to Ss exposed to an anger instigation and that the specific pattern of psychophysiology responses would vary as a function of whether Ss were induced to use their preferred vs. nonpreferred mode of Anger expression style are tested.

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The results suggest that normotensives at risk for future hypertension are likely to show heightened stress-related cardiovascular responses if they also tend to inhibit the expression of negative emotions, relevant to the postulated links between hypertension and emotional inhibition.

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