Anger, hostility, and posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults: a meta-analysis.

  title={Anger, hostility, and posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Ulrich R. Orth and Elias Wieland},
  journal={Journal of consulting and clinical psychology},
  volume={74 4},
  • U. OrthE. Wieland
  • Published 1 August 2006
  • Psychology
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
This meta-analysis synthesizes the available data on the strength of association between anger and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and between hostility and PTSD, covering 39 studies with trauma-exposed adults. Effect sizes did not differ for anger and hostility, which could therefore be combined; effect sizes for anger expression variables were analyzed separately. The analyses revealed large effects. The weighted mean effect size (r) was .48 for anger-hostility, .29 for anger out, .53… 

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