Aneurysmal dilatation of the inferior vena cava.

Abstract

AIM Inferior vena cava aneurysms (IVCA) are rare, unlike aortic aneurysms. The diagnosis and treatment is challenging. This study defines clinical and echocardiographic findings in a prospective cohort of sixteen patients with fusiform IVCA. METHODS AND RESULTS All patients referred to the Mayo Clinic between January 2006 and July 2009 for a clinically indicated echocardiogram (36,128 patients) were screened for a dilated IVC. Sixteen cases of fusiform IVCA were identified. Eleven cases (68.8%) were female. Mean age at presentation was 76 years (range 51-89). Eleven (68.8%) had structural heart disease: with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in 45.5% (n = 5), moderate or greater tricuspid regurgitation (TR) was seen in 36.4% (n = 4) and RV enlargement was seen in 18.2% (n = 2). The most common clinical indication for echocardiography was dyspnea (25%; n = 4) and heart failure (18.8%; n = 3). The mean IVCA diameter was 4.1 cm (range 3.8-5 cm) and the mean length of the aneurysms was 6.2 cm (range 3.5-8.7 cm), with mean right ventricular systolic pressure of 55 mmHg (range 31-105 mmHg). Five (31.3%) had at least a moderate reduction in right ventricular ejection fraction and five (31.3%) had significant TR. Among these five patients with significant TR, severe TR was present in 80%; (n = 4) and moderate to severe TR was present in 20%; (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS IVC aneurysms are more common in the elderly, and is associated with an increase in right sided heart pressures, significant TR, and RV dysfunction.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2011.01457.x

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@article{Mookadam2011AneurysmalDO, title={Aneurysmal dilatation of the inferior vena cava.}, author={Farouk Mookadam and Vincent B Rowley and Usha R Emani and Mohsen S Al-Harthi and Christy M Baxter and Susan M Wilansky and Jamil A Tajik and Serageldin F Raslan}, journal={Echocardiography}, year={2011}, volume={28 8}, pages={833-42} }