Multiple sclerosis: basic knowledge and new insights in perioperative management
Neuromuscular disease covers a wide range of conditions, with anesthesia management being required either for problems relevant to the disorder or for comorbid conditions. The diseases often have specific problems that can usually be predicted from their pathophysiology. The anesthesiologist must ensure a thorough preoperative assessment, appropriate choice of anesthetic technique and neuromuscular blocking drugs, and careful monitoring of both hemodynamic parameters and the degree of neuromuscular blockade. With these considerations, the patient with neuromuscular disease, although challenging, can be given anesthetic care in a safe fashion.