Anesthetic challenges in minimally invasive cardiac surgery: Are we moving in a right direction?

Abstract

Continuously growing patient's demand, technological innovation, and surgical expertise have led to the widespread popularity of minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS). Patient's demand is being driven by less surgical trauma, reduced scarring, lesser pain, substantially lesser duration of hospital stay, and early return to normal activity. In addition… (More)
DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.185539

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