Andean uplift promotes lowland speciation through vicariance and dispersal in Dendrocincla woodcreepers

@article{Weir2011AndeanUP,
  title={Andean uplift promotes lowland speciation through vicariance and dispersal in Dendrocincla woodcreepers},
  author={Jason T. Weir and Momoko Price},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
  year={2011},
  volume={20}
}
Andean uplift contributed importantly to the build‐up of high Neotropical diversity. Final uplift of the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia separated once‐contiguous lowland faunas east and west of the Andes between 5 and 3.5 million years ago (Ma hereafter). We used DNA sequences from several moderate‐ to fast‐evolving mitochondrial and two slow‐evolving nuclear genes to generate a well‐supported phylogeny of Dendrocincla woodcreepers, a genus with multiple species endemic to lowland regions both… 

Synthesis of geological data and comparative phylogeography of lowland tetrapods suggests recent dispersal through lowland portals crossing the Eastern Andean Cordillera

Vicariance is the simplest explanation for divergence between sister lineages separated by a potential barrier, and the northern Andes would seem to provide an ideal example of a vicariant driver of

Biogeography and spatio-temporal diversification of Selenidera and Andigena toucans (Aves: Ramphastidae).

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It is found that an isolation by environment provided the only variable significantly correlated with genetic distances for both mitochondrial and nuclear genes, suggesting that local adaptation may have a role driving the genetic divergence within this genus of frogs.

Landscape Genetics and Species Delimitation in the Andean Palm Rocket Frog (Aromobatidae, Rheobates)

It is found that isolation by environment provided the only variable significantly correlated with genetic distances for both mitochondrial and nuclear genes, suggesting that local adaptation may have a role in driving the genetic divergence within this frog genus Rheobates.

Diversification of low dispersal crustaceans through mountain uplift: a case study of Gammarus (Amphipoda: Gammaridae) with descriptions of four novel species

Most speciation events may have been driven by massive uplifting of the Luliang and Taihang mountains from the late Miocene to early Pliocene, and four new species are described.

Divergence promoted by the northern Andes in the giant fishing spider Ancylometes bogotensis (Araneae: Ctenidae)

The study reveals that the genetic structure of an arachnid species that has limited dispersal capacity and is highly dependent on water bodies is shaped by the Andean orogeny, and the generality of this observation remains to be assessed in other invertebrates.

Biogeographic scenarios for the diversification of a widespread Neotropical species, Glossophaga soricina (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae)

It is suggested that geographic events causing large scale environmental disjunction, such as the uplift of mountains, are more likely to restrict gene flow amongst populations of tolerant species with broad geographic range than local climate driven environmental changes.
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