Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans

@article{Lazaridis2014AncientHG,
  title={Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans},
  author={Iosif Lazaridis and Nick J. Patterson and Alissa Mittnik and Gabriel Renaud and Swapan Mallick and Karola Kirsanow and Peter H. Sudmant and Joshua G. Schraiber and Sergio Castellano and Mark Lipson and Bonnie Berger and Christos Economou and Ruth Bollongino and Qiaomei Fu and Kirsten I. Bos and Susanne Nordenfelt and Heng Li and Cesare de Filippo and Kay Pr{\"u}fer and Susanna Sawyer and Cosimo Posth and Wolfgang Haak and Fredrik Hallgren and Elin Fornander and Nadin Rohland and Dominique Delsate and Michael Francken and Jean-Michel Guinet and Joachim Wahl and George Ayodo and Hamza A. Babiker and G Baillet and Elena V. Balanovska and Oleg P. Balanovsky and Ramiro Barrantes and Gabriel Bedoya and Haim Ben-Ami and Judit Bene and Fouad Berrada and Claudio Marcelo Bravi and Francesca Brisighelli and George B. J. Busby and Francesco Cal{\`i} and Mikhail I. Churnosov and David E. C. Cole and Daniel Corach and Larissa D. Damba and George van Driem and Stanislav V Dryomov and Jean Michel Dugoujon and Sardana A. Fedorova and Irene Gallego Romero and Marija Gubina and Michael F. Hammer and Brenna M. Henn and Torgeir Helvig and Uğur Hodoğlugil and Aashish R. Jha and Sena Karachanak-Yankova and Rita I. Khusainova and Elza K. Khusnutdinova and Rick A. Kittles and Toomas Kivisild and William Klitz and Vaidutis Ku{\vc}inskas and Alena Kushniarevich and Leila Laredj and Sergey Litvinov and Theologos Loukidis and Robert W. Mahley and B{\'e}la Melegh and Ene Metspalu and Julio A Molina and Joanna L. Mountain and Klemetti N{\"a}kk{\"a}l{\"a}j{\"a}rvi and Desislava N Nesheva and Thomas Nyambo and L. P. Osipova and Jüri Parik and Fedor A. Platonov and Olga L Posukh and Valentino Romano and Francisco Rothhammer and Igor Rudan and Ruslan Ruizbakiev and Hovhannes Sahakyan and Antti Sajantila and Antonio Salas and Elena B. Starikovskaya and Ayele Tarekegn and Draga Toncheva and Shahlo Turdikulova and Ingrida Uktverytė and O. M. Utevska and Ren{\'e} V{\'a}squez and Mercedes Villena and Mikhail Ivanovich Voevoda and Cheryl A. Winkler and Levon Yepiskoposyan and Pierre A. Zalloua and Tatijana Zemunik and Alan Cooper and Cristian Capelli and Mark George Thomas and Andr{\'e}s Ruiz-Linares and Sarah A. Tishkoff and Lalji Singh and Kumarasamy Thangaraj and Richard Villems and David Comas and Rem I. Sukernik and Mait Metspalu and Matthias Meyer and Evan E. Eichler and Joachim Burger and Montgomery Slatkin and Svante P{\"a}{\"a}bo and Janet Kelso and David Reich and Johannes Krause},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2014},
  volume={513},
  pages={409 - 413}
}
We sequenced the genomes of a ∼7,000-year-old farmer from Germany and eight ∼8,000-year-old hunter-gatherers from Luxembourg and Sweden. We analysed these and other ancient genomes with 2,345 contemporary humans to show that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians, who contributed to… 
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