Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans

@article{Lazaridis2014AncientHG,
  title={Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans},
  author={I. Lazaridis and N. Patterson and Alissa Mittnik and G. Renaud and Swapan Mallick and Karola Kirsanow and Peter H. Sudmant and J. Schraiber and S. Castellano and Mark Lipson and B. Berger and Christos Economou and R. Bollongino and Q. Fu and Kirsten I. Bos and Susanne Nordenfelt and Heng Li and C. D. Filippo and Kay Pr{\"u}fer and S. Sawyer and C. Posth and W. Haak and F. Hallgren and Elin Fornander and Nadin Rohland and D. Delsate and M. Francken and J. Guinet and J. Wahl and G. Ayodo and H. Babiker and G. Baillet and E. Balanovska and O. Balanovsky and R. Barrantes and G. Bedoya and H. Ben-Ami and J. Bene and F. Berrada and C. Bravi and F. Brisighelli and G. Busby and F. Cal{\`i} and Mikhail Churnosov and D. Cole and D. Corach and Larissa Damba and G. Driem and Stanislav V Dryomov and J. Dugoujon and S. Fedorova and I. Romero and M. Gubina and M. Hammer and B. Henn and Tor Helvig and U. Hodoğlugil and A. Jha and S. Karachanak-Yankova and R. Khusainova and E. Khusnutdinova and R. Kittles and T. Kivisild and W. Klitz and V. Ku{\vc}inskas and A. Kushniarevich and L. Laredj and S. Litvinov and Theologos Loukidis and R. Mahley and B. Melegh and E. Metspalu and J. Molina and J. Mountain and Klemetti N{\"a}kk{\"a}l{\"a}j{\"a}rvi and D. Nesheva and T. Nyambo and L. Osipova and J. Parik and F. Platonov and O. Posukh and V. Romano and F. Rothhammer and I. Rudan and Ruslan Ruizbakiev and H. Sahakyan and A. Sajantila and A. Salas and E. Starikovskaya and Ayele Tarekegn and D. Toncheva and Shahlo Turdikulova and I. Uktverytė and O. Utevska and Ren{\'e} V{\'a}squez and M. Villena and M. Voevoda and C. Winkler and L. Yepiskoposyan and P. Zalloua and T. Zemunik and A. Cooper and C. Capelli and Mark George Thomas and A. Ruiz-Linares and S. Tishkoff and L. Singh and K. Thangaraj and R. Villems and D. Comas and R. Sukernik and M. Metspalu and M. Meyer and E. Eichler and J. Burger and M. Slatkin and S. P{\"a}{\"a}bo and J. Kelso and D. Reich and J. Krause},
  journal={bioRxiv},
  year={2014}
}
We sequenced genomes from a ∼7,000 year old early farmer from Stuttgart in Germany, an ∼8,000 year old hunter-gatherer from Luxembourg, and seven ∼8,000 year old hunter-gatherers from southern Sweden. We analyzed these data together with other ancient genomes and 2,345 contemporary humans to show that the great majority of present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: West European Hunter-Gatherers (WHG), who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to… Expand
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