Ancient West African foragers in the context of African population history

  title={Ancient West African foragers in the context of African population history},
  author={Mark Lipson and Isabelle Ribot and Swapan Mallick and Nadin Rohland and I{\~n}igo Olalde and Nicole Adamski and Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht and Ann Marie Lawson and Saioa L{\'o}pez and Jonas Oppenheimer and Kristin Stewardson and Raymond Neba’ane Asombang and Herv{\'e} Bocherens and Neil Bradman and Brendan Culleton and Els Cornelissen and Isabelle Crevecoeur and Pierre de Maret and Forka Leypey Mathew Fomine and P. Lavachery and Christophe Mbida Mindzie and R. Orban and Elizabeth A. Sawchuk and Patrick Semal and Mark George Thomas and Wim Van Neer and Krishna R. Veeramah and Douglas J. Kennett and Nick J. Patterson and Garrett Hellenthal and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Scott MacEachern and Mary E. Prendergast and David Reich},
  pages={665 - 670}
Our knowledge of ancient human population structure in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly prior to the advent of food production, remains limited. Here we report genome-wide DNA data from four children—two of whom were buried approximately 8,000 years ago and two 3,000 years ago—from Shum Laka (Cameroon), one of the earliest known archaeological sites within the probable homeland of the Bantu language group 1 – 11 . One individual carried the deeply divergent Y chromosome haplogroup A00, which… 
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