Ancient DNA from Guam and the Peopling of the Pacific

  title={Ancient DNA from Guam and the Peopling of the Pacific},
  author={I. Pugach and Alexander H{\"u}bner and H. Hung and M. Meyer and M. Carson and M. Stoneking},
Humans reached the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific by ~3500 years ago, contemporaneous with or even earlier than the initial peopling of Polynesia. They crossed more than 2000 km of open ocean to get there, whereas voyages of similar length did not occur anywhere else until more than 2000 years later. Yet, the settlement of Polynesia has received far more attention than the settlement of the Marianas. There is uncertainty over both the origin of the first colonizers of the Marianas (with… Expand


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  • M. Kayser
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Current Biology
  • 2010
This review will provide an overview on the genetic aspects of human population history of Oceania and how some of the anthropological peculiarities are reflected in human genetic data. Expand
Maternal history of Oceania from complete mtDNA genomes: contrasting ancient diversity with recent homogenization due to the Austronesian expansion.
Autochthonous haplogroups support the hypothesis of a long history in Near Oceania, with some lineages suggesting a time depth of 60 thousand years, and offer insight into historical interpopulation dynamics. Expand
mtDNA lineage analyses: origins and migrations of Micronesians and Polynesians.
  • J. K. Lum, R. Cann
  • Biology, Medicine
  • American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2000
The majority of mtDNA sequences from Micronesian and Polynesian populations are derived from Asia, whereas others are inferred to have originated in New Guinea, supporting an Island Southeast Asian origin and a colonization route along the north coast of New Guinea. Expand
Bridging near and remote Oceania: mtDNA and NRY variation in the Solomon Islands.
Although genetic studies have contributed greatly to our understanding of the colonization of Near and Remote Oceania, important gaps still exist. One such gap is the Solomon Islands, which extendExpand
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Neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Expand
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DNA from a 37,000–42,000-year-old modern human from Peştera cu Oase, Romania is analysed, finding that on the order of 6–9% of the genome of the Oase individual is derived from Neanderthals, more than any other modern human sequenced to date. Expand