# Ancient Babylonian astronomers calculated Jupiter’s position from the area under a time-velocity graph

@article{Ossendrijver2016AncientBA, title={Ancient Babylonian astronomers calculated Jupiter’s position from the area under a time-velocity graph}, author={Mathieu Ossendrijver}, journal={Science}, year={2016}, volume={351}, pages={482 - 484} }

Babylonian astronomers tracked Jupiter Ancient Babylonian astronomers developed many important concepts that are still in use, including the division of the sky into 360 degrees. They could also predict the positions of the planets using arithmetic. Ossendrijver translated several Babylonian cuneiform tablets from 350 to 50 BCE and found that they contain a sophisticated calculation of the position of Jupiter. The method relies on determining the area of a trapezium under a graph. This…

## 37 Citations

Bisecting the trapezoid: tracing the origins of a Babylonian computation of Jupiter’s motion

- Physics
- 2018

Between ca. 400 and 50 BCE, Babylonian astronomers used mathematical methods for predicting ecliptical positions, times and other phenomena of the moon and the planets. Until recently these methods…

AST-101, AST-117, AST-602

- Physics
- 2019

The alteration between day and night, the succession of the seasons, and the observation of the celestial bodies and their movements in the sky introduced the notion of time. The first effort humans…

The First Jewish Astronomers: Lunar Theory and Reconstruction of a Dead Sea Scroll

- PhysicsScience in Context
- 2017

A new examination of earlier versions of the Astronomical Book is offered, using a mathematical analysis of the figures and astronomical theories presented throughout the Aramaic Astronomy Book; the results fit both the data preserved in the scrolls and the mathematical approach and religious ideology of the scroll's authors better than the details found in the late Ethiopic texts.

A Mathematical Collection Found in the ‘House of the āšipus’. The Art of Metrology in Achaemenid Uruk

- PhysicsScholars and Scholarship in Late Babylonian Uruk
- 2019

Most of the mathematical texts from Late Babylonian Uruk were found in the ‘House of the āsipus’, altogether with other scholarly texts, including astronomical, astrological, medical, lexical texts,…

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- Physics
- 2021

Ratios and coefficients are used to simplify calculations. For geometric usage these values also called function values. Like in Egypt also in Babylon such a value system can be shown. The…

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- Physics
- 2019

As we move forward into new discoveries in the heavens, it is also important for Christians involved in science to seek clarity about our ancient scripture texts. Matthew’s account of the Magi and…

Cultural and Mathematical Meanings of Regular Octagons in Mesopotamia: Examining Islamic Art Designs

- Art
- 2018

The most common regular polygon in Islamic art design is the octagon. Historical evidence of the use of an 8-star polygon and an 8-fold rosette dates back to Jemdet Nasr (3100-2900 B.C.) in…

The ecological impact of high-performance computing in astrophysics

- Computer Science
- 2020

Here I hope to raise the awareness of the environmental impact of running non-optimized code on overpowered computer hardware.

Euler–Maclaurin expansions without analytic derivatives

- MathematicsProceedings of the Royal Society A
- 2020

The Euler–Maclaurin (EM) formulae relate sums and integrals. Discovered nearly 300 years ago, they have lost none of their importance over the years, and are nowadays routinely taught in scientific…

Fast evaluation of special functions by the modified trapezium rule

- Mathematics
- 2017

This thesis is concerned with the efficient (accurate and fast) computation, via modified trapezium rules, of some special functions which can be written as integrals of the form l~f(t) dt, where f…

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