Ancestry, Paleontology, and Definition of the Name Mammalia

@article{Rowe1992AncestryPA,
  title={Ancestry, Paleontology, and Definition of the Name Mammalia},
  author={Timothy Rowe and Jacques A. Gauthier},
  journal={Systematic Biology},
  year={1992},
  volume={41},
  pages={372-378}
}
characters and contents to a Hennigian unit of descent more in keeping with the goals of the Darwinian Revolution (de Queiroz, 1988). However, the importance still at? tached to mammalian "defining" charac? ters), and an apparent inability to separate the name Mammalia from the dade it rep? resents, betrays the typological elements that still persist in current taxonomy. A misplaced emphasis on what a name means in the Linnaean tradition, instead of what it implies about ancestry, has led some… 
Meaning of the name tetrapoda in the scientific literature: an exchange.
TLDR
This exchange stems from an on-going debate between advocates of crown clade and apomorphybased definitions of widely used taxon names, and aims at clarifying the respective advantages of both types of definitions.
Snake origins and the need for scientific agreement on vernacular names
When transitional fossils blur previously clear boundaries between major groups, drawing that line can be problematic. While the need to rigorously define formal taxon names is widely acknowledged
PHYLOGENETIC NOMENCLATURE AND PALEONTOLOGY
TLDR
Why phylogenetic nomenclature is a good thing for paleontology and ways in which the community can make the transition from typological to evolutionary systems while minimizing confusion are suggested.
Replacement of an Essentialistic Perspective on Taxonomic Definitions as Exemplified by the Definition of “Mammalia”
TLDR
The replacement of an essentialistic perspective on the definitions of "Mam? malia" and other taxon names by a more nominalistic one is associated with the development of a phylogenetic perspective on biological nomenclature and represents an important step in theDevelopment of a more broadly scientific approach to that subject.
Phylogenetic uncertainty, molecular sequences, and the definition of taxon names.
criticism that phylogenetic definitions are problematic because they implicate the "dis? carded concept" of ancestors (Dominguez and Wheeler, 1997:372). The use of such phylogenetic definitions is
Crown clades in vertebrate nomenclature: correcting the definition of Crocodylia.
Wiens, J. J. 2001. Character analysis in morphological phylogenetics: Problems and solutions. Syst. Biol. 50:689–699. Wiens, J. J., and R. E. Etheridge. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of
What Is Equus? Reconciling Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Analyses
TLDR
The taxonomic implications of delimiting Equus to clade 6 in the authors' phylogenetic tree include elevation of Allohippus and Plesippus to generic rank, assignment of a new genus to “Dinoh Hippus” mexicanus, and synonymy of Haringtonhippus with Equus.
FUNCTION AND ADAPTATION IN PALEONTOLOGY AND PHYLOGENETICS: WHY DO WE OMIT DARWIN?
TLDR
A sharp theoretical distinction between functional and evolutionary explanations should be made, and systematists should attempt to use only ordered and polarized characters in their probabilistic estimation of phylogenies, an approach that provides the most reliable assessment of phylogenetic hypotheses that can also have causal meaning.
Sense and stability of taxon names
TLDR
This paper presents a meta-analyses of the literature onSense and stability of taxon names in response to natural disasters and investigates the role of natural disasters in the evolution of these names.
Ancestors and homology
TLDR
The evolutionary origin of the tetrapod limb is examined in the light of its recent discussion in developmental genetics, and it is argued to be complex conjectural inferences dependant upon a pre-existing phylogenetic analysis and a theoretical model of the evolutionary development of ontogenetic information.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
ON THE SPECIAL TREATMENT OF FOSSILS AND TAXONOMIC BURDEN: A RESPONSE TO LOCONTE
Loconte (1990) contends that extinct and extant organisms should be treated differently in cladistics, and he is not alone in this point of view (e.g., Crowson, 1970; Hennig, 1966, 1981; L ~ v t r u
DIAGNOSIS OF THE CLASSES REPTILIA AND MAMMALIA
TLDR
The editor has asked me to comment on two papers (Reed, 1960; Van Val en, 1960) that are published in this issue, and I have agreed to appear here as a representative of those who support the current arrangement of Mammalia.
CLADISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF AMNIOTA: A RESPONSE TO GAUTHIER ET AL.
  • H. Loconte
  • Biology
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 1990
TLDR
Gauthier et al. (1988) proposed a means of distinguishing stem lineages from their respective monophyla by developing a hierarchical nomenclature for the fossil record, in contrast to the plesion concept.
POLYPHYLETIC OR MONOPHYLETIC ANCESTRY OF MAMMALS, OR: WHAT IS A CLASS?
TLDR
Simpson suggests the possibility of a logical monophyletic beginning for all mammals by shifting the origin of the class backward in time to a common ancestor and concludes that several different groups within the Class Mammalia are related to each other only by descent through several groups of therapsid reptiles.
Extinction and the Definition of the Class Mammalia
TLDR
Rowe's definition of Mammalia (1988:247) followed earlier suggestions "that widely used names such as Mammalia be restricted to all taxa stem".
THE EVOLUTION OF MAMMALIAN CHARACTERS
TLDR
Faunal boundaries are by no means absolute and it is the total composition of the faunal complexes and not One or another gen~s or family that is essential to its recogmtion.
AMNIOTE PHYLOGENY AND THE IMPORTANCE OF FOSSILS
TLDR
The importance of the critical fossils seems to reside in their relative primitive‐ness, and the simplest explanation for their more conservative nature is that they have had less time to evolve.
MESOZOIC MAMMALS AND THE POLYPHYLETIC ORIGIN OF MAMMALS
TLDR
This review, centered on the affinities of the known forms, will consider those formis in sequence from later to earlier: Late Cretaceous.
The relationships of mammals
TLDR
It is argued that the current views are variously based on an overemphasis of superficial dental similarities, misinterpretation of the structure of the mammalian braincase, and too ready acceptance of parallel evolution amongst the groups concerned.
Definition, diagnosis, and origin of Mammalia
TLDR
Triassic and Early Jurassic taxa commonly referred to as mammals, including Morganucodontidae, Kuehneotheriidae, and Haramiyidae, were found to lie outside of Mammalia.
...
...