Anatomy of the internal mammary veins and their use in free TRAM flap breast reconstruction.

@article{Arne1995AnatomyOT,
  title={Anatomy of the internal mammary veins and their use in free TRAM flap breast reconstruction.},
  author={Zoran Marij Arne{\vz} and Luigi Antonio Valdatta and Michael P.H. Tyler and Franci Planinsek},
  journal={British journal of plastic surgery},
  year={1995},
  volume={48 8},
  pages={
          540-5
        }
}
The anatomy of 61 internal mammary veins (IMV) in the 3rd, 4th and 5th intercostal spaces was studied in 34 fresh human cadavers by injection and corrosion methods and surgical dissection. The IMV was present in all 34 cadavers. Four different patterns of venous anatomy were identified: Types 1 (69%) and 2 (26%) were common, Types 3 (3%) and 4(2%) were rare. The most common arrangement (Type 1) consists of the internal mammary vein running medial and parallel to the artery to the 4th… CONTINUE READING
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